coordination

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coordination

the process of combining together the work of ORGANIZATION members and departments to achieve the desired end-product or goals of the organization. Coordination is necessary at two levels:
  1. the bringing together of production tasks to achieve production goals with the minimum of waste, buffer stocks, etc.;
  2. the coordination of all organizational functions to achieve effective and efficient operations and the maintenance of the organization as a viable entity.

Coordination of a complex range of activities is fraught with problems, and it is a central issue in the design and running of organizations. Some organizations seek to achieve coordination by formulating a range of rules and procedures to guide and govern the work of employees and departments. Others prefer to rely on the skills, knowledge and commitment of their employees to interpret what forms of coordination are necessary (see MECHANISTIC AND ORGANISMIC, CULTURE). Most organizations adopt a combination of the two. In all organizations, however, the need for coordination is embodied in the formal structure. Some adopt a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE, some a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, whilst others adopt a MATRIX STRUCTURE explicitly to tackle problems of coordination.

coordination

the process whereby the specialized (see SPECIALIZATION) activities of different participants in an economy are synchronized. Coordination of TRANSACTIONS may take place through MARKETS or within ORGANIZATIONS. Within organizations, coordination is necessary to try to ensure that decisions within subunits of the organization are consistent with each other and with the objectives of the organization as a whole. See INTERNAL MARKETS.
References in periodicals archive ?
3) There should be area- wide coordination of services.
These principles focus on residents' rights--the right, for example, to make their own decisions about conducting their lives even if put at risk; to form a resident or family council; to have access to a variety and coordination of services; and to receive advance notification of transfer and help in planning for future options.
Program design and philosophy, consumer choice and responsibility, coordination of services, and the relationship with the business community are presented as primary components of the program.
As a derivative, the focus then becomes coordination of services needed for discharge.
The processes discussed in this guide are intended to assist state adult education staff in establishing new or expanding existing state partnerships to address issues of common concern, particularly those related to the coordination of services supported under WIA Title I and Title II.
TEAP will focus its efforts on expediting clinical integration, care management and coordination of services across providers and care systems.
The fund has also supported the State Division of Vocational Rehabilitation and the HIS Project in strengthening the coordination of services to survivors of traumatic brain injury.

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