Different explanations regarding the etiology of conversion reaction have been presented from time to time (Jones, 1980).
Conversion reaction as a neurotic disorder has some peculiar features which distinguish it from other neurotic disorders.
The importance of a specific personality type which more readily develops conversion reaction has been increasingly stressed by personologists in the 20th century.
As more and more conversion reaction patients were observed and dealt with, a clearer picture of hysterical personality emerged (Bleuler, 1924).
To achieve these objectives a list of most frequently reported personality characteristics among patients of conversion reaction was prepared with the help of lists given in various studies (Chodoff & Lyons, 1958; Jones, 1980; Lewis & Berman, 1965).
Finally, Bartholomew tackles the related area of mass conversion reactions, especially those that have taken place in school settings.
It could be argued, for example, that his own analysis of mass conversion reactions resembles the universalizing impulse of Western medicine, and may be taken as an example of the psycho logization of exotic deviance.