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50% of the outstanding votes plus one vote.


Half plus one of ownership of a company. Control gives the person or group having it the ability to make all decisions on how the company operates. In a publicly-traded company, control comes from buying more than half of the common stock.


the process of ensuring that activities are carried out as intended. Control involves monitoring aspects of performance and taking corrective action where necessary. For instance, control of expenditure involves regular monitoring of expenditure figures, comparison of these with budget targets, and decisions to cut or increase expenditure where any discrepancy is believed to be harmful. Without control an ORGANIZATION cannot function: employees would go their own way (possibly with the best of intentions) and the organization would fragment, making COORDINATION impossible. Control can, therefore, be viewed as a central component of MANAGEMENT.

Some writers in the SOCIOLOGY OF WORK have argued that, since (in their view) employers' and employees' interests are opposed, control of labour is the main task of management. Without it, workers would behave in a way which is detrimental to managerial goals. Research has shown, however, that many managers attach more importance to other managerial functions (such as budgeting), whilst it is questionable whether employees would necessarily act in the way suggested. See ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

References in periodicals archive ?
Once this is done, an orthogonal array is chosen of a size that will accommodate all control factors (product features) plus their interactions plus one additional column for experimental error.
2],n)) are auxiliary factors on which all of the modified quality control factors depend, as explained below.
The first necessary step in DoE is to establish the process control factors and the process responses (sometimes called objective functions).
The most striking differences that emerged between the two groups of students were in the frequency of comments made about the importance of teacher support and the influence choice and control factors had on levels of engagement.
Understanding the demand, support, and control factors of occupations may allow for long-term vocational stability and positive health outcomes for individuals with disabilities (Roether, 1984).
Besides longevity, their replies concentrated on five other areas -- an increase in the use of solar power, the realization of communications via nonverbal means, increased use of robots, space travel to the moon or to Mars by the general public and an ability to control factors leading to natural disasters.
The final challenge is to gain sufficient information on critical control factors so that processes and systems can be safely used.
This service is usually performed at the request of the importer with a charge depending on volume and specified control factors.
Control factors going forward include how long after bottling it is submerged, as well as how long it spends underwater.
As with all process control factors, proper training and clear, written procedures are crucial to consistency and compliance.
Major aims are to prevent disease, control factors that promote the occurrence of disease and promote a long and healthy lifespan.
The major research issues he addresses include the role of ecological science in decision making, the factors that govern the assembly of ecosystems and determine their response to various stressors, the functioning of the earth's climate system and its role in the determination of the distribution of life on earth, population size control factors, the population level consequences of species' life-history adaptation, the role of the fragmentation of the landscape in the persistence of species on the landscape, the role of biological diversity in ecosystem processes, and the ecological principles that need to be considered in the design of strategies intended to protect biological diversity.