In order to provide consistency, the method of content analysis
used here largely follows the procedure used for the last analysis (Buboltz & Savickas, 1994), which was conducted 10 years ago.
A computer content analysis
program LIWC (Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count, Pennebaker, Francis, & Booth, 2001) was used to analyze words in the teaching titles.
can also be useful in providing insights into the design and potential impact of web sites (Loughman & Fleck, 1999), annual reports (Fleck, et al., 1995), and computer system documentation (Fleck & Loughman, 1996).
needs to begin early, to be undertaken with a true understanding of the final project goals and to remain simultaneously flexible and realistic.
The second part of the paper describes a methodology of content analysis
used, and suggests how this could be adapted to incorporate a simple computer-based search of any report (e.g.
The study is based on the content analysis
method to find out how Pakistani, Indian and American newspapers covered and portrayed the War on terror in Pakistan.
Some research professionals questioned whether or not calling on experts for content analysis
coding was necessary.
Table 1 shows that 33.3% (n=5) of the reviewed studies used Content Analysis
as their research method; 33.3% (n=5) of the reviewed studies employed Framing Analysis and Content Analysis
as their research method; 6.7% (n=1) of the reviewed studies employed Framing Analysis, Content Analysis
and Document Review as their research method; 6.7% (n=1) of the reviewed works used Framing Analysis and In-depth Interview as their research method; 6.7% (n=1) of the reviewed works employed Computerized Content Analysis
as their research method; 6.7% (n=1) of the reviewed works used Framing Analysis, Content Analysis
and In-depth Interview; 6.7% (n=1) of the reviewed studies employed only Framing Analysis as their research method.
I would like to take this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude to everyone who responded to my study entitled: "Trouble Spots in Online Direct-to-Consumer Prescription Drug Promotion: A Content Analysis
of FDA Warning Letters." (1) Scholars from several different fields, including medical science, pharmacy, business, and communication have all participated in the discussion of current issues and the future of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA), bringing multifaceted viewpoints to bear on prescription drug marketing based on their own disciplines.
Much later, the operational code was adopted by another political psychologist, Alexander George, who devised a scoring procedure to make a content analysis
of the various sources of these beliefs and rendered them measurable and comparable across political leaders being studied.
is a set of procedures for collecting and organizing information in a standardized format that allows analysts to make inferences about the characteristics and meaning of written and other recorded material (GAO, 1989).