Constitution

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Constitution

The basic law of a polity. The constitution states how the polity governs itself and usually enshrines the rights that its citizens have. For example, a constitution may state how often legislative elections occur and indicate the limits of legislative purview. It also may guarantee rights such as freedom of religion and the right to vote for the candidate of one's choosing. See also: Bill of rights.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lithuania has supplemented a large group of democratic European states where citizens have the right to apply to the Constitutional Court.
Natural and legal persons will be able to file a constitutional complaint regarding the Law of the Republic of Lithuania or another Act (or part thereof) of the Seimas, the President of the Republic or the Government if the decision taken on their basis violated the constitutional rights or freedoms of that person.
The decisions of the Constitutional Chamber are ultimate and can not be appealed, the Chamber reminded.
In case the Constitutional Chamber finds that the law contradicts to the Constitution, the Parliament, as a body that passed such law, will have to bring such law in line with the Constitution and decision of the Constitutional Chamber.
During the meeting, Hossein Jaberi Ansari, Iranian Foreign Minister's special assistant for political affairs, informed Assad of the preparations for a meeting by Russia, Iran and Turkey in Geneva in the next few days, following the agreement on the final structure of the constitutional committee.
Ansari highlighted Iran's keenness to coordinate with the Syrian government which "showed great flexibility" in reaching the agreement to form the constitutional committee.
Presidents of the Constitutional Courts of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey, Zlatko Knezevic and Zultu Arslan, emphasized that two courts have extremely good relations and extensive professional cooperation, based on the agreement signed nine years ago.
It was pointed out that the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Turkey is one of the oldest in Europe, and that the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina is among the most respectable court institutions in the region.
The parliament will have to propose 18 candidates for the president to choose from to fill the nine seats that will become vacant at the Constitutional Court in February 2019.
#381it#328anskaacutes successor in the post, Gaacutebor Gaacutel of Most-Hiacuted, says that the talks with coalition partners have progressed and the parliament should adopt the change before the start of this summer.Lawyers speak their mindsWhile the ruling coalition first was not clear whether the rules for the selection of Constitutional Court judges would really change, now the justice minister says talks are underway and the new law should be passed before the parliaments summer break, to become effective before the nine new judges are to be selected.
The story of this new judicial institution in Indonesia has been described comprehensively in Simon Butt's book, Constitutional Court and Democracy in Indonesia.
A DIALOGICAL THEORY OF CONSTITUTIONAL MOBILIZATION 132

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