- 1(in the SHORT RUN) constant returns to the VARIABLE FACTOR INPUT that occur when additional units of variable input added to a given quantity of FIXED FACTOR INPUT generate equal increments in output. With an unchanged price for variable factor inputs, constant returns will cause the short-run unit variable cost of output to stay the same over an output range. See RETURNS TO THE VARIABLE FACTOR INPUT.
- (in the LONG RUN) constant returns that occur when successive increases in all factor inputs generate equal increments in output. In cost terms, this means the long-run unit cost of output remains constant so long as factor input prices stay the same. See MINIMUM EFFICIENT SCALE, ECONOMIES OF SCALE.