Given the disastrous results of official papal condemnations of national rulers when last issued in the late 16th century, in 1933 a concordat
rather than a papal denunciation seemed to Pius XI and Cardinal Pacelli a wiser course with Germany's new leader.
In order to answer, I would preliminarily clarify that Concordats
are international treaties between two entities, the State and the Catholic Church, both sovereign in their own domain respectively, the temporal and the spiritual one.
signed in 1927 was and still is a fundamental document regulating the diplomatic relations and the religious matters between the Holy See and Romania.
In studying the impact of the Second Vatican Council on the utilization of concordats
to regulate Church-state relations, one encounters an apparent paradox: On the one hand (as will be seen in this article), no teaching is as congenial as that of the Council to concordats
; on the other hand, some observers have contended that the Council rang the death bell of the concordat
also regulate recognition of marriages, public school catechisms, and military chaplains.
But that is a future book that this work on the concordats
William Roberts's account of the Concordat
of 1801 and its consequences shows clearly enough the mixture of political and religious factors involved.
Kaas later admitted that a deal was in the making in which the Center Party would vote for the Enabling Act, an act of political suicide that ended democratic opposition to Hitler in exchange for the government's agreement to negotiate a Reich concordat
Social security spokesman Alex Neil said: "The SNP are demanding that the Scottish Parliament can amend the terms of these concordats
otherwise they are more akin to Westminster- imposed diktats.
While the Holy See has concordats
in place with other member states, including Italy, Latvia and Portugal, this one would have been the most far-reaching; in others, the sections on religious exemptions relate only to military service.
between the Assembly and Whitehall departments need to be more regularly updated to take account of legislative change.
The primary objective of these relations is to defend freedom of worship, sometimes recognized in individual countries through concordats
or Church-state agreements.