information management

(redirected from computer science)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to computer science: Computer engineering

information management

the process of gathering, processing and interpreting data both from the firm's external environment and from inside the firm, generally using the information technology provided by COMPUTERS.

All business functions such as production, marketing and distribution involve both physical tasks and parallel information-processing activities. Computers, communications devices and other information technology hardware can be deployed to perform routine accounting, record keeping and order processing functions cheaply and efficiently In addition to these basic data-processing tasks, information technology has enabled firms to collect more data than previously could be handled by the firm and subject it to more detailed analysis. This has the advantage of dovetailing production, marketing and distribution activities within the firm. In addition, greater communication with customers and suppliers through their computers facilitates closer relationships with these customers and suppliers, leading to, for example, just-in-time production and supply (see JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) SYSTEM). Such information technologies as COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN and COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURE facilitate the rapid development of new products or modification of existing products and the prompt production of such products through FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, thereby allowing the firm to gain a COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE by responding rapidly to changing customer requirements. See COMMUNICATION, BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING, INTERNET, ECOMMERCE, WORLD WIDE WEB, CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Carnegie Mellon's School of Computer Science (SCS) is a world leader in computer science education and research.
The resolution provides for the implementation of standards on computer science education in the commonwealth, and will position Pennsylvania as one of fewer than a dozen states to endorse such standards.
The department offers undergraduate programs including a Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts in Computer Science and a Computer Science minor for students from other departments.
Arkansas may have one of the most extensive computer science initiatives in the nation.
So while Howard still teaches his second-graders the basics - math, reading, writing - he now integrates technology and computer science into each subject.
While urban school districts will have an unusually easy time raising money, recruiting teachers, and engaging with innovative curriculum developers, smaller districts should be aware that adding computer science to the curriculum will pose considerable challenges.
As these young women are trying to decide their future fields of study, we want them to make a more informed decision about computer science.
The survey also asked participants whether their schools offered CS content in courses other than introductory or AP computer science classes.
Under the collaboration IBM and CSTA will provide more than 36,000 teachers in the US with free access to computer science resources.
Her teaching duties expanded to the Department of Computer Science about a decade ago amid technological changes in the publishing industry.
One study looked at college freshmen who were interested in computer science but were at risk of failing because of low grades.
McGrath Cohoon, who has conducted extensive research on the topic, does think economics plays a role in decisions students make in choosing majors, but there is a general disinterest in computer science among women that she thinks has more to do with stereotypes.

Full browser ?