information management

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Related to computer science: Computer engineering

information management

the process of gathering, processing and interpreting data both from the firm's external environment and from inside the firm, generally using the information technology provided by COMPUTERS.

All business functions such as production, marketing and distribution involve both physical tasks and parallel information-processing activities. Computers, communications devices and other information technology hardware can be deployed to perform routine accounting, record keeping and order processing functions cheaply and efficiently In addition to these basic data-processing tasks, information technology has enabled firms to collect more data than previously could be handled by the firm and subject it to more detailed analysis. This has the advantage of dovetailing production, marketing and distribution activities within the firm. In addition, greater communication with customers and suppliers through their computers facilitates closer relationships with these customers and suppliers, leading to, for example, just-in-time production and supply (see JUST-IN-TIME (JIT) SYSTEM). Such information technologies as COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN and COMPUTER-AIDED MANUFACTURE facilitate the rapid development of new products or modification of existing products and the prompt production of such products through FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS, thereby allowing the firm to gain a COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE by responding rapidly to changing customer requirements. See COMMUNICATION, BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING, INTERNET, ECOMMERCE, WORLD WIDE WEB, CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
The kids in the AP computer science class were typically white males who were strong at math--it was not indicative of our student population," says Superintendent Kimberly Hill.
Named after Professor A Nico Haberman, head of the Computer Science Department between 1980 and 1988 and founding dean of the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon, the lecture series enables the students at the Qatar campus to engage with prominent faculty and well-known leaders in the field of computer science.
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in computer science from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
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At first I was a reluctant participant in the research and was quite surprised to see how influential it has become, both in terms of practical applications and (in) generating a whole subfield of study within computer science.
By cutting their science studies short in high school, these girls don't have the prerequisite to take university level maths and sciences, thereby disqualifying themselves from prosperous careers in the computer science or IT field.
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California Lutheran University has offered evening courses in computer science since the mid-1980s, and has more than 300 students currently enrolled in the program, Caccavo said.

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