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In a lawsuit, the party making a complaint. A plaintiff seeks some compensation, whether monetary or otherwise, for some perceived wrong for which the other party (the defendant) is claimed to be responsible. For example, if Frank crashes his car into John's house and John sues for the damages, John is the plaintiff in the case.
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The person who files a lawsuit. See also petitioner.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
'As per affidavit dated 11-07-2019 of the complainant judge, at a social sitting attended by both accused Nasir Janjua and Maher Ghulam Jilani, the accused Nasir Janjua took him aside and implored him to give [a] verdict of acquittal in both the said references.
'Significantly, Maryam Safdar who led the press conference of the PML-N senior leadership and gave a detailed narrative and commentary on the audio/video attributed to the complainant and played at the press conference has attempted to distance and disassociate herself from the details and specifics of the acquisition, origins, source, recording, dissemination, release and timing of the said audio/video (played on her instructions at the press conference with subtitles) and also the specifics of the individual who actually undertook and conducted the recording of the said audio/video as played at the press conference and, in her reply, has sought to place the entire responsibility and burden in respect of aforementioned matters upon accused Nasir Mehmood Butt.
The prosecution papers revealed that the police member had illegally checked the name of the complainant on the police database.
The accused person then took the complainant's Chaoda cellphone and ran away.
This prompted the complainant to report the incident to the NBI, which led to the arrest of Tamayo during an entrapment operation on Wednesday.
The accused pretended to be convinced of the authenticity of the said product and paid Rs 86,000 to the complainant for the sample oil, to earn the complete belief and trust of the complainant," the police said.
According to the taxpayer, the Inland Audit Officer Unit 2 Haripur, RTO Abbottabad, without considering the fact that the complainant was assessed to tax at, RTO-III Karachi against whom no tax demand was outstanding and without serving on him any prior notice, illegally attached his bank accounts and recovered Rs1.714 million.
It further stated: 'The complainant recorded her statement under Section 164 of the Criminal Procedure Code before the concerned magistrate in which she fully denied the acceptance of the religious Islam and execution of freewill and performing her Nikkah with the co-accused.'
In April 2008, Muhammad Masood, Rana Iftikhar, Munir Warraich and Abdullah Butt in connivance with the deceased Waqar attempted to become partner of the company with 50 per cent shareholding by fraudulently preparing partnership deed without knowledge of the complainant. However, this attempt could not succeed due to timely intervention of the complainant.
"In order to prove constructive discharge, Complainant must show that her employment was, in effect, terminated because the situation at her workplace became so intolerable that a reasonable person would have felt compelled to resign.
According to the prosecution, in the year 2006, Yemoh asked the complainant to send a sports utility vehicle (SUV) 4x4 vehicle from abroad at the cost of GHS33,600 to make up for the price of the five plots that he promised her, which she did.
The complainant told police that Mwaluma was paid the amount of money for the cost of his vacation to his bank account in the name of Realmark travel agency and he received a receipt.