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population

  1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

    The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

  2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Populationclick for a larger image
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The remaining 3.6 million births from 1978 through 2002 in New York State (excluding New York City) were assigned to the comparison population. Because of the small number of births in the study area, there were very few exposed cases of some of the rarer outcomes.
The purpose of the comparison population in the PGP demonstration is to provide a benchmark for the cost control performance of the participating PGP.
Other participating practices achieved lower Medicare spending growth rates than comparison populations in their local markets, but their savings did not meet the 2% threshold to share in the Medicare savings, possibly because not all practices were able to fully deploy their initiatives in the first year, Mr.
The rate of re-incarceration was computed in each service program for the first 12 months upon release to parole (for which the statewide non-PPCP population was used within the same period for comparison), and the rates of re-incarceration and absconding for the 12 months upon admission to treatment programs (for which there was no equivalent statewide comparison population).
Without a comparison population, the investigators cannot even claim that the drug works differently in African Americans.
(3) Contrary to the expectation that nonoxynol-9 products might reduce HIV transmission, one study demonstrated that HIV incidence was greater in a high-risk population using nonoxynol-9 than in a comparison population using a placebo.
As part of its genetic studies of Japanese survivors of atomic blasts and people living near sites of atomic bomb testing, the AEC wanted to use the Yanomami as a comparison population with no history of radiation exposure, Tierney says.

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