William Leiserson's observations of the company union movement during the 1920s led him to conclude that semi-skilled workers had obtained more "out of employee representation plans than they have out of the organized labor movement.
Management even went so far as to justify the existence of the company union to stockholders on precisely these terms: "The Assembly Plan has also had the effect of making fore-men more careful and liberal in their actions and decisions as they come in contact with the workmen from day to day.
What Hirsch finds is a complicated picture in which employee aspirations often fell victim to clever company policies of dividing labor by skill, race, and gender--and appealing to workers through welfare programs and company unions
The broadly written prohibition was effective, and employer-run unions became virtually extinct by the 1950s, Today, however, this section of the NLRA is being used to brand employer-employee cooperation meetings as illegal company unions
The editors open by relating the various chapters to current debates over the relative merits of company unions
, independent unions, works councils, and employer-initiated involvement programs for providing a greater degree of employee representation in the United States.
In some instances, workers rescinded their affiliation with their craft organization to join company unions