In post-WWII, Communism
was at the center of the political opposition.
This year, high school students Chicago will likely learn more about Communism
than students in Shanghai: The new world-history textbooks just introduced in China's biggest city have dropped Communist revolutions and socialist theory in favor of colorful tutorials on economics, technology, and globalization.
In the Czech Republic today, the memory of communism
and its victims is not what it was when I visited Prague for the first time in 1990, only months after the Velvet Revolution.
Zeinert, Karen, McCarthy and the Fear of Communism
in American History (Enslow Publishers, 1998).
Inspired by nationalist movements such as the Irish Republican Brotherhood and by the growth of communism
, the ABB's aims included "Absolute Race Equality .
Jozsef Palinkas, a former Hungarian government education minister, said the use of the red star was an insult to Hungarians who fought communism
This was no communism
lite (socialism with a human face?
When Reagan predicted - nearly a decade before the fall of the Berlin Wall - that communism
would eventually crumble under its own weight, they laughed.
The recent BBC miniseries Cambridge Spies tells the kind of story you'd never believe if it weren't true: Four blue-blooded and well-connected graduates of Cambridge, led by their hatred of Hitler and their idealism about communism
, become spies for the USSR in the 1930s.
First, given his enormous achievements as a scholar, in what ways did his communism
What is just as important, he never forgot that many members of the high bourgeoisie, men and women who had every reason to fear communism
, were also prepared to welcome the Red Army; like Lukacs, they were more anti-German than anti-Russian or anti-communist.
Douglas's ghosts are shadows of a future that never came to pass: the economic and social redemption promised by modernism; the end to alienation foretold by communism