collectivism


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Collectivism

Any political or economic system that centralizes the means of production at the expense of individual ownership. Collectivism is associated with socialism, which advocates state ownership of resources. However, collectivism may exist in capitalist systems if corporations own most or all of the means of production.

collectivism

the philosophy that society is composed of groups or classes of people, each with its own interests, and that social CONFLICT stems largely from conflicts of interest between them. To achieve general wellbeing, policy makers should seek to balance group interests. Political action to advance the claims of disadvantaged groups and to regulate the actions of individuals is generally viewed as desirable by those subscribing to this philosophy TRADE UNIONS are often viewed as vehicles of collectivism in that they represent and advance group interests. Critics of this philosophy argue that it subsumes the unique interests of each individual. See INDIVIDUALISM.

collectivism

see CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the results reported by Clugston and his colleagues in their empirical research, individuals with high levels of collectivism showed greater commitment to their organization than did those with high levels of individualism (Clugston et al., 2000).
In relation to this, it would be very difficult to achieve collectivism when the goals are not articulated and understood.
(1995) proposed that measuring these four constructs is a more desirable method than either the more abstract constructs of individualism and collectivism, or the basic elements of these constructs such as family integrity, self-reliance, and hedonism.
* Vertical collectivism perceiving the self as a part of a collective being willing to accept hierarchy and inequality within that collective.
The first study that empirically tested the relationship between the GLOBE cultural dimensions and country risk was Banai's (2012), which found that among all nine cultural dimensions, in-group collectivism had the highest positive correlation with country risk.
This study explores two deeply rooted reasons for the delayed development of counseling licensure in Hong Kong by considering the inherent cultural characteristics of the population, including collectivism and McDonaldization.
Is it any wonder that racism and other forms of collectivism are on the rise?
In addition to bargaining power, institutional collectivism values was marginally related to overall initiation and significantly related to the engaging decision, consistent with Hypothesis 2.
Table 1: Correlation Results social Horizontal appearance Collectivism social appearance Pearson Correlation 1 -,213 (**) anxiety Sig.
The linkages between cultural values like collectivism and individualism have been clearly established with work attitudes like organizational commitment and employee behavior (Woo, 2009).