According to the results reported by Clugston and his colleagues in their empirical research, individuals with high levels of collectivism
showed greater commitment to their organization than did those with high levels of individualism (Clugston et al., 2000).
In relation to this, it would be very difficult to achieve collectivism
when the goals are not articulated and understood.
(1995) proposed that measuring these four constructs is a more desirable method than either the more abstract constructs of individualism and collectivism
, or the basic elements of these constructs such as family integrity, self-reliance, and hedonism.
* Vertical collectivism
perceiving the self as a part of a collective being willing to accept hierarchy and inequality within that collective.
The first study that empirically tested the relationship between the GLOBE cultural dimensions and country risk was Banai's (2012), which found that among all nine cultural dimensions, in-group collectivism
had the highest positive correlation with country risk.
This study explores two deeply rooted reasons for the delayed development of counseling licensure in Hong Kong by considering the inherent cultural characteristics of the population, including collectivism
is not related to strategic innovation.
These findings suggest that individualism would foster sexist attitudes, while collectivism
would act as a protective factor against them.
Is it any wonder that racism and other forms of collectivism
are on the rise?
In addition to bargaining power, institutional collectivism
values was marginally related to overall initiation and significantly related to the engaging decision, consistent with Hypothesis 2.
Table 1: Correlation Results social Horizontal appearance Collectivism
social appearance Pearson Correlation 1 -,213 (**) anxiety Sig.
The linkages between cultural values like collectivism
and individualism have been clearly established with work attitudes like organizational commitment and employee behavior (Woo, 2009).