collectivism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Collectivism

Any political or economic system that centralizes the means of production at the expense of individual ownership. Collectivism is associated with socialism, which advocates state ownership of resources. However, collectivism may exist in capitalist systems if corporations own most or all of the means of production.

collectivism

the philosophy that society is composed of groups or classes of people, each with its own interests, and that social CONFLICT stems largely from conflicts of interest between them. To achieve general wellbeing, policy makers should seek to balance group interests. Political action to advance the claims of disadvantaged groups and to regulate the actions of individuals is generally viewed as desirable by those subscribing to this philosophy TRADE UNIONS are often viewed as vehicles of collectivism in that they represent and advance group interests. Critics of this philosophy argue that it subsumes the unique interests of each individual. See INDIVIDUALISM.

collectivism

see CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY.
References in periodicals archive ?
1995) proposed that measuring these four constructs is a more desirable method than either the more abstract constructs of individualism and collectivism, or the basic elements of these constructs such as family integrity, self-reliance, and hedonism.
High institutional collectivism societies tend to reward prioritizing the group's needs over individual needs, encouraging group loyalty, and rewarding seniority.
Horizontal Collectivism perceiving the self as part of a collective being but perceiving all the members of that collective as equal.
Triandis (1995) further introduced the four typologies of horizontal collectivism, horizontal individualism, vertical collectivism, and vertical individualism, in which vertical poles signify a hierarchy whereas horizontal poles signify equality.
Is it any wonder that racism and other forms of collectivism are on the rise?
It also has rotting effects on the intellect of the originator: "Like every other form of collectivism, racism is a quest for the unearned," Rand wrote.
In addition to bargaining power, institutional collectivism values was marginally related to overall initiation and significantly related to the engaging decision, consistent with Hypothesis 2.
Specifically, I hypothesized that individualism and affirmation would contribute significantly to spiritual transcendence for European Americans (Hypothesis 2a) and collectivism, exploration, and resolution would contribute significantly to spiritual transcendence for Asian Indian Americans and Chinese Americans (Hypothesis 2b).
The findings of the GLOBE study has evolved with nine cultural dimensions which are Performance Orientation, Future Orientation, Gender Egalitarianism, Assertiveness, Institutional Collectivism, In-Group Collectivism, Power Distance, Humane Orientation and Uncertainty Avoidance.
The second interaction effect indicated that, at lower levels of direct communication, the high collectivism group had lower ratings of session smoothness compared with the low collectivism group.
The study surveyed more than 1000 individuals between the ages of 17-35 in urban areas in India in an effort to understand the effects of socio-cultural factors of work and family collectivism and in turn psychological career resources on career aspiration.