The collateralisation of tangible assets is fairly common phenomenon prevalent around the world.
Unfortunately, Pakistani law does not cover IP assets under the scope of collateralisation. However certain amendments in the existing legislation can operate the function of IP collaterisation.
There is an extensive collateralisation between the internal iliac artery and branches of the common and profunda femoral arteries.
The main body of the internal iliac artery was adequately patent with good collateralisation to the femoral arteries (Fig.
Limb salvage was possible owing to extensive collateralisation between the internal iliac and femoral vessels.
Other types of bonds were therefore accepted as collateral in Norges Bank when the requirement for full collateralisation was introduced in 1999.
The most important changes they introduce are that i) Norges Bank will calculate banks' borrowing facilities on the basis of market value, ii) haircut rates for securities have been reduced, iii) rating requirements for Norwegian corporate bonds have been introduced, iv) a minimum-volume requirement has been introduced for bonds issued by Norwegian banks and mortgage companies owned by Norwegian banks, and v) further provision has been made for collateralisation of asset-backed bonds.
A similar requirement has applied in earlier periods, but in 1965 collateralisation requirements were relaxed.
"It's also clear that a renewed focus on robust risk management practices -- including netting, collateralisation
, clearing and portfolio compression -- is helping to increase the safety and efficiency of OTC derivatives markets."