design

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Related to cohort design: Longitudinal design

design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Newcastle--Ottawa Scale was used to assess study quality, [11] with a score of 7 or more considered to reflect high-quality scores with case--control and cohort design, and a score less than 7 was considered as low-quality scores (maximum score could be 9 considering these two study designs).
METHODS: Using a matched cohort design, we assembled an operative cohort of women 18-44 years of age undergoing laparoscopy or laparotomy at 14 participating clinical centers from 2007 to 2009 and a population-based cohort matched on age and residence within a 50-mile catchment area of the clinical centers.
changes in a population) with a cohort design such as ours that examines individuals over time.
Future studies with a longitudianl cohort design should go further to measure the mortality and life expectancy among women who are victims of intimate-partner violence," Dr.
Notably, the study's prospective cohort design allowed women to continue using their voluntarily chosen contraceptive method.
Use of a cohort design improved the experimental design and subsequent statistical analyses since each Cohort acted as both a comparison group and a control group for the other.