clusters

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clusters

geographically proximate groups of interconnected companies, suppliers, service producers and associated institutions, linked by commodities and complementarities. Michael Porter identified clusters as being vital for competitiveness insofar as they improve productivity and flexibility, aid innovation and contribute to new business formation. Porter noted that national economies tend to specialise in certain industrial clusters and that if these clusters are internationally competitive then their export performance will be good. See COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF COUNTRIES, EXTERNAL ECONOMIES OF SCALE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tularik, a San Francisco-based biotechnology company specializing in drug discovery and development using gene regulation, is using a 150 processor Evolocity cluster from Linux NetworX, and is one of the first organizations to use ICE Box in production.
A decade ago, Kronberg and other coworkers made such a calculation for Earth's largest nearby galaxy cluster--the Coma cluster in the constellation Coma Berenices.
The HP Cluster Platform 3000 system now runs new Quad-Core processor-based HP ProLiant servers that offer customers greater energy efficiency and can improve system performance by nearly 50 percent.
Once the esoteric tool of PhD computer scientists, cluster computing technology has matured to become an integral part of many organizations' production computing environments.
and VA Linux Systems to build "Chiba City" -- the largest supercomputing cluster yet dedicated to highly scalable open source software development.
However, says Evrard, the Virgo computer model shows the largest, hottest cluster already in place when the universe was just 5 billion years old, about one-third its current age.
With Virtual Cluster, cluster owners can exploit the power of grid technology to create additional dedicated nodes by virtualizing unused capacity from existing compute resources.
Innovations in resilience include failover at the controller and cluster level, virtual server redirects across geo-distributed locations, and dynamic server and application management.
To trace the dark matter in a cluster of galaxies, Ikebe and his colleagues measured the distribution of hot, X-ray-emitting gas that resides there.
HP's fully supported and highly scalable XC Cluster Software will be available for the HP BladeSystem c-Class server blades, as will a choice of cluster management products available through the open source community and HP partners.
Compare that with the current trend in high performance computing: cluster computers based on personal computer architectures, commodity microprocessors, Gigabit Ethernet and standard networked storage architectures.
That single-atom substitution makes the cluster much more stable and therefore amenable to staying intact, they report in the Sept.