closed shop


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closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or organization be members of a specified TRADE UNION. There are two types of closed shop:
  1. pre-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary to gain employment;
  2. post-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary once employment has commenced.

The pre-entry closed shop, traditionally found in parts of the printing and food wholesaling industries, was often unilaterally imposed by unions, whereas the post-entry closed shop has often been formally recognized in Union Membership Agreements with managements. Many managers found the post-entry closed shop advantageous since it helped to ensure that union representatives speak for all employees. However, it can be viewed as an infringement of individual rights. See CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or ORGANIZATION be members of a specified TRADE UNION. Closed shops are often imposed by powerful trade unions as a means of restricting the supply of labour and maintaining high wage rates for members. See SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
She doesn't see the slump as specific to this time of year, pointing out that several of her neighbors closed shop at the end of the summer.
The driver wishing to keep his job must join and so the closed shop is extended beyond the confines of that factory.
We''re going to call time on this last closed shop.
Other hold-out companies, however, blocked the aspirations of organized labour for the closed shop.
These rackets have been enshrined in the law for many years, dating back to the time when state protectionism and closed shops were considered perfectly acceptable practices.
If a person pays union dues because he is in a closed shop, the only dues that can be collected from him are those that are used for bargaining and related activities.
This closed shop of privilege and elitism is not being paid enough and I almost wept when I learned that they have not had a pay rise for eight years.
However, Pittarelli wanted to expand the scope of her work, so she closed shop and went on to the retail departments at some of the biggest real estate firms in the country.
Amsterdam, Netherlands--The 8th of May Movement closed shop on June 14.
Following the collapse of the NASDAQ, Gilder closed shop about a year ago and Ziebarth went looking for a new venture, this time vowing "to put up or shut up," as he said last fall.
Those with a vested interest in the status quo will paint this as a battle between supermarkets and pharmacies, but the OFF's conclusions will sweep away rules and red tape that support the current closed shop, raising standards and lowering prices for pharmacy customers and patients," said Evans.
Chavon Industries, Romana Industries, Jagga, Centex, Melanie, Leibrand, Makress, Elizabeth, Warmana, Elwa Dam, Jing Wong, Karson Ffg and others have closed shop or were in the process of closing, laying off hundreds of employees.