closed shop


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closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or organization be members of a specified TRADE UNION. There are two types of closed shop:
  1. pre-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary to gain employment;
  2. post-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary once employment has commenced.

The pre-entry closed shop, traditionally found in parts of the printing and food wholesaling industries, was often unilaterally imposed by unions, whereas the post-entry closed shop has often been formally recognized in Union Membership Agreements with managements. Many managers found the post-entry closed shop advantageous since it helped to ensure that union representatives speak for all employees. However, it can be viewed as an infringement of individual rights. See CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or ORGANIZATION be members of a specified TRADE UNION. Closed shops are often imposed by powerful trade unions as a means of restricting the supply of labour and maintaining high wage rates for members. See SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Within this overall average we find the effect in establishments with a closed shop or where management recommends union membership to have remained roughly constant, but that the effect in the remainder of unionized establishments has collapsed completely.
The 1988 Employment Act gave increased protection to employers and employees against the operation of closed shops. It repealed the earlier provisions that had permitted dismissal for non-membership of a union where an |approved' closed shop was in operation, thereby making dismissal for non-membership of a union automatically unfair.
How long before the interchange of goods between firms is dependent on both being closed shops? However, a sinister form or coercion has shown itself over the past few days.
Even though I was an NUJ shop steward, and closed shops were common in those days, I always argued against them.
The apparent "closed shop and closed minds" mentality of the Ontario Medical Association and the College of Physicians and Surgeons might be one barrier, not only to the increases required in training places; but also to the experimentation needed to find more cost-effective ways to deliver health care.
Proposals for a no-fault compensation scheme will leave doctors unaccountable for their actions and turn the NHS into a closed shop, a leading lawyer has warned.
Krauze founded Letras Libres as a successor to Vuelta, the journal that closed shop after the death last year of its director, the poet and Nobel laureate Octavio Paz.
It's now a pound shop, charity shop or a closed shop.
Factory closed shops WE now increasingly have the closed shop.
Small groups of 10 to 20 people claiming to be fighting 'tooth and nail' yet you can't find when these groups meet, nor any publication of accounts as it appears to be a closed shop. For certain individuals to use these groups as a platform to launch a political career is an abuse of goodwill.
For decades now the supporters of Coventry City have been let down through financial mismanagement and a closed shop approach.
And although Westwood is primed to profit most these next few weeks, Tardelli has told Murphy that it's not a closed shop.