Within this overall average we find the effect in establishments with a closed shop
or where management recommends union membership to have remained roughly constant, but that the effect in the remainder of unionized establishments has collapsed completely.
The 1988 Employment Act gave increased protection to employers and employees against the operation of closed shops
. It repealed the earlier provisions that had permitted dismissal for non-membership of a union where an |approved' closed shop
was in operation, thereby making dismissal for non-membership of a union automatically unfair.
How long before the interchange of goods between firms is dependent on both being closed shops
? However, a sinister form or coercion has shown itself over the past few days.
Even though I was an NUJ shop steward, and closed shops
were common in those days, I always argued against them.
The apparent "closed shop
and closed minds" mentality of the Ontario Medical Association and the College of Physicians and Surgeons might be one barrier, not only to the increases required in training places; but also to the experimentation needed to find more cost-effective ways to deliver health care.
Proposals for a no-fault compensation scheme will leave doctors unaccountable for their actions and turn the NHS into a closed shop
, a leading lawyer has warned.
Krauze founded Letras Libres as a successor to Vuelta, the journal that closed shop
after the death last year of its director, the poet and Nobel laureate Octavio Paz.
It's now a pound shop, charity shop or a closed shop
Factory closed shops
WE now increasingly have the closed shop
Small groups of 10 to 20 people claiming to be fighting 'tooth and nail' yet you can't find when these groups meet, nor any publication of accounts as it appears to be a closed shop
. For certain individuals to use these groups as a platform to launch a political career is an abuse of goodwill.
For decades now the supporters of Coventry City have been let down through financial mismanagement and a closed shop
And although Westwood is primed to profit most these next few weeks, Tardelli has told Murphy that it's not a closed shop