A CLEAN TRADE POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR IMPORTING STATES
Two Clean Trade policies, described below, are designed for these "worst of the worst" resource-cursed countries.
Disqualified Countries: A Clean Trade Act and Clean Hands Trusts
States implementing a Clean Trade framework will disengage their consumer demand from the most extreme authoritarian regimes and failed states, and encourage their trade partners to join them, with two policies: a Clean Trade Act and Clean Hands Trusts.
A Clean Trade Act will set out legal penalties for any citizen or corporation facilitating the import of natural resources from a disqualified country into the enacting jurisdiction.
Passing a Clean Trade Act will create a level playing field for all corporations operating within the jurisdiction of the implementing state.
Yet by itself a Clean Trade Act will disadvantage firms that are within the jurisdiction of the implementing state relative to those that are not.
Any state that passes a Clean Trade Act can exert this horizontal pressure on trade partners through the establishment of Clean Hands Trusts.