civil law


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Related to civil law: Tort law

civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
Third: agreement divorce based on amends 1145, 1146 of civil law it has special cases too
Historically, amicus briefs did not appear in modern civil law jurisdictions.
In cases where common law judges pen civil law decision, the judgments always draw intense criticism.
Building on previous work by Berkowitz and Clay (2004; 2005; 2006), we exploit the fact that ten states were settled by the civil law countries of France, Spain, and Mexico.
The rare civil law system (such as that of South Africa) is not codified.
Erecting a school or a school system as an ecclesiastical public juridic person is one of several possibilities in canon law for giving a Catholic school or school system a clearer ecclesial structural identity, and providing for a clearer and more helpful system of administration and governance that can be made to dovetail well with preferred options and legal requirements in the civil law structure utilized.
Published primarily in English with select articles in French, the journal also publishes the papers of the Civil Law Workshop and of conferences organized by or in cooperation with the CCLS.
For example, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) mixed the common and civil law power distributions between prosecutors and judges in such a way that each system's protections against prosecutorial and judicial abuse are largely absent in the mixed system.
Research in sports law in the Department of Civil Law VI
Dioceses began to incorporate under a civil law structure known as a "corporation sole"--a legal entity that consists of a single (sole) incorporated office occupied over time by a succession of individuals, in the case of a diocese, the bishop.
It is based on the remarkably complete archival records of the colleges of civil law and canon law, the organs that examined degree candidates.
Attorneys with the organization offer advice about housing and eviction problems, immigration issues, restraining orders, custody disputes and other areas of civil law.