civil law


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Related to civil law: Tort law

civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
The civil law rule and the reasonable use rule have become strikingly similar in South Dakota.
The civil law in France and elsewhere has of course evolved over time.
Bogdanova (acting Chairholder of Civil Law Chair, MSAL), V.
On the contrary, the Civil Law of the land draws its validity from the Legislation of a validly legislated law passed by the Civil Government, which, it must be pointed out, is also legally binding on all the citizens, including Catholics.
into the codification of the civil law in Quebec) (44) in his speech
But the development of tsarist civil law cannot be understood simply by reviewing the docket of individual advocates.
He said proper legislation should be made in Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and Civil Law and adjournment of cases should be avoided to achieve the target of speedy justice.
Iran civil law based on Imamiye religion brings some reasons in amends 1146, 1129, 1029, 1113, 1130, 1145, 1146.
Civil law legal tradition is based on statutes and comprehensive codes that have been formulated by legal scholars, and it is followed in France, Germany, and Scandinavian nations, as well as socialist countries (La Porta et al.
Fiduciary Rules in Common Law and Civil Law: Same Purpose, Different Routes II.
His specializes in civil law, civil litigation, and arbitration A third, independent arbitrator who is selected by the arbitrators appointed by each side has also been appointed.
Mackaay (emeritus, law, Universite de Montreal, Canada) discovered through his teaching in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile that in countries where the legal system is based on the civil law tradition, there are considerable challenges and obstacles in presenting law and economics concepts that were developed in a common law context.