The environmental impacts of cities
are enormous, due both to their increasing demographic weight and to the amount of natural resources that they consume.
At the movies, too, cities
seem to be largely devoid of children and families.
In the first half of the 20th century, the fastest urban growth was in western cities
Paul's--and this reminds us that cities
are complex places, composed of different quarters geographically and different times, historically.
The reason that a zero intercept would not be expected is that the confounding mechanism involves two intermediaries, with Z acting through one of them in varying proportion over cities
, and through the other in constant proportion (absent the error terms).
Orfield, an elected representative in the Minnesota state legislature, is best known for Metropolitics, an influential 1997 book published by the Brookings Institution that argued that declining inner suburbs were as much a victim of sprawl as central cities
And then in one mighty stroke, The Death And Life of Great American Cities
(1961), she mounted a devastating critique of a city planning, public housing and urban renewal programs which changed the way her friends and foes alike looked at the fabric and scale not just of New York, but all cities
During the last decade, researchers have begun to examine the possibility of using mathematical forms called fractals to capture the irregular shapes of developing cities
It's easy to be skeptical about how well investment works in America's inner cities
Cleveland has become a model for resurgent cities
, based on false measurements.
It's like the tale of two cities
," says Atlanta City Council President Marvin Arrington.
Tree-maintenance programs have been cut in 70 percent of the cities