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A generic term for many government assistance programs. In general, it refers to programs in which the government pays money to indigent and unemployed persons. However, it may include non-cash payments such as food stamps. It may or may not include a requirement that able-bodied persons on welfare attempt to find work. Welfare is very controversial. Proponents argue that it helps the persons least able to help themselves, while critics contend it encourages people not to work. See also: TANF, Dole.


that aspect of management concerned with the wellbeing, both physical and emotional, of employees. It is an umbrella term for a range of services and activities. HEALTH AND SAFETY (the regulation of working conditions) is probably the most important but is often managed separately from other welfare functions. Other welfare activities include the provision of canteens and social clubs, sports facilities, medical officers etc. Some organizations also provide counselling services to help individuals cope with, for instance, work-related stress.

The reasoning behind employer concern with welfare suggests that a contented workforce is likely to be more productive. Some employers also feel that it is a social obligation to their employees. Welfare activities usually come under the remit of the PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT function. In fact, in the UK the origins of personnel management lie in the concern to improve employee welfare felt by certain employers in the early years of the 20th century. See FRINGE BENEFIT, HUMAN RELATIONS. See also SOCIAL SECURITY.

References in periodicals archive ?
Building upon current strengths in local training and incorporating information gathered from training system site visits as well as a research and practice literature review, a design for a new Minnesota Child Welfare Training Academy was developed.
Unfortunately, the most common situation, in which impoverished parents are experiencing child welfare difficulties which can be alleviated by provision of supports and resources appropriate to the problems, will most likely not be adequately addressed even if a report is made and substantiated.
To work in child welfare, one must possess strong organizational and time-management skills and be dedicated to providing the best service for his or her "children." Despite the expected--and unexpected--challenges, working in child welfare is the toughest job I will ever love!
There is little disagreement about the association of poverty with child welfare involvement.
The Hartwig case raises the question of whether child welfare workers should be required to check on children after they are adopted.
He will be going back to court with child welfare for his son this month hoping to keep him from becoming a permanent ward.
It found that "the child welfare system is currently based on child protection, being its first and often only response." Too little is done in the prevention areas.
Case files, letters and autobiographies also reveal that girls and their families were not always passive subjects of the child welfare system.
We passed legislation in 2005 that articulates the mission of our child welfare agency as protecting children by strengthening families.
Most child welfare professionals don't see things Dailey and Cameron's way.
'Legal Ethics in Child Welfare Cases' addresses ethical issues for lawyers representing parents, children, and child welfare agencies in child abuse/neglect and termination of parental rights proceedings.
Cubistix, an independent software developer located in Lodi, N.J., has released GeoSpatial Case Manager, an innovative solution developed for child welfare services in response to the unique challenges facing their industry.

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