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Articles of Incorporation

A document outlining the basic functions of a company. Among other things, it states whether it will be an S Corporation or a C Corporation and how many authorized shares there will be. It also states how its corporate governance and operations will work. A company that seeks to incorporate must file articles of incorporation with the appropriate authority. In the United States, that authority is usually the states and sometimes the federal government. It is also called a corporate charter or simply a charter. See also: Charter Amendment Limitations.


References in periodicals archive ?
However, math scores at such urban charter schools still lagged behind those at traditional schools, except when those charters were affiliated with a local district.
Finally, the effect of charters on students who leave is likely a worst-case estimate; it should be complemented by one comparing the academic growth of students who stay in charters with the effect of students who stay in regular public schools.
Lost in the din of political static is a new wave of public expectation for doing more with less in public higher education that has rekindled the charter debate.
The Florida legislature approved charter schools in 1996.
In general, Mediterranean charters are more cultural, with frequent trips ashore, while those in the Caribbean are more oriented toward water sports.
The National Assessment of Educational Progress results for 2003 show that fourth graders in charter schools performed about a half year behind their peers in traditional public schools in reading and math even when comparing students eligible for free lunch or comparing students in central cities.
Third, even without added rules and regulations, it is hard to start a charter school.
The number of charter schools--tax-funded institutions that operate independently of public school bureaucracies--was growing rapidly, especially in California.
Despite its clear legal obligation, San Diego Unified's Board of Education has ignored the law by denying eight of the nine requests for facilities made by its start-up charter schools, including those of Fanno and KIPP.
Caprice Young, CEO of the California Charter Schools Association - the membership and professional organization serving the 574 charter schools in the state - expects to see the LAUSD approve its 100th charter campus this spring.
We address this question here by examining the link between the establishment of charter schools in North Carolina and average student proficiency rates at the traditional public schools most affected by the new source of competition.