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Reliability and validity of a modified lateral cephalometric analysis for evaluation of craniofacial morphology and growth in patients with clefts.
In this part of the paper, we survey various techniques explored by the researchers on cephalometric analysis with craniofacial landmarks.
Additionally, it will allows the use of the ECDT as a gold standard in sagital malocclusions, comparing to previous studies or evaluating the need and reproducibility of new cephalometric analysis (18).
This set of data was used to perform cephalometric analysis of the skull using the technique described by Downs and Steiner (Jacobson and Caulfield 1985) to obtain further orthodontic and craniofacial information beyond that available through direct physical examination.
Cephalometric analysis was performed for determination of vertical and sagittal skeletal patterns.
Cephalometric analysis revealed a skeletal class I relationship, proclined upper and lower incisors, and increased vertical dimensions (Figure 2).
Cephalometric analysis is commonly used to depict the soft palate morphologies in normal individuals and in cleft lip and palate patients.
21,22 As the cephalometric analysis routinely used for diagnosis and treatment planning in orthodontics is generally based on Caucasian cephalometric standards, there has been concern on elaborating a cephalometric analysis more specific to young Pakistani patients.
A comparison of hand-tracing and cephalometric analysis computer programs with and without advanced features-accuracy and tune demands.