centralization


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Related to centralization: formalization

centralization

the vertical dimension of ORGANIZATION structure. Organizations are centralized when important decisions are largely taken by managers at the top of the organization. There is a persistent tension between DECENTRALIZATION and centralization organizations. Centralization of decisions is useful to provide central direction to the organization. However, it can mean that the organization cannot respond quickly to PRODUCT MARKET developments. Also, if lower level managers are precluded from making important decisions it can have negative effects on their job satisfaction. See ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

centralization

the concentration of economic decision-making centrally rather than diffusing such decision-making to many different decision-makers. In a country, this is achieved by the adoption of a CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY where the state undertakes to own, control and direct resources into particular uses. In a firm, centralization involves top managers retaining authority to make all major decisions and issuing detailed instructions to particular divisions and departments.

See U-FORM ORGANIZATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
The centralization of intelligence remains essential in any task force operation involving firearms trafficking.
Iversen's book challenges conventional new classical and neocorporatist literatures that look one-sidedly at the macroeconomic consequences of combining accommodating or nonaccommodating monetary policy with relative degrees of centralization in collective bargaining institutions, respectively, by observing what happens from different combinations of these institutional variables.
The movement of businesses to centralization isn't a pendulum swing or management fad; the reasons are more fundamental.
Accordingly, his findings militate against the view that the Reformation initiated a process of confessionalization, whereby Protestants diverged radically from Catholic traditions, leading to increased codification, centralization, and ultimately, secularization.
An example in the technology arena has been the long-running debate over whether centralization or decentralization is "better." Recently, the pendulum seems to be swinging back toward centralization, thanks to highly publicized and investment-intensive moves by several large multi-regional chains, such as American Stores, Ahold and Safeway.
First, Medicaid benefits were fairly evenly distributed across counties both before and after centralization. Second, Medicaid eligibility depends on medical as well as economic need.
the centralization of ensuring the protection of persons (employees of the contracting authority and other persons who are in the premises) and the property of the contracting entity located in its premises.
How much of this growth can be considered administrative centralization? This paper explores the growth in administrative centralization, specifically, in relationship to the federal prohibition of illicit substances.
According to Director General Punjab Land Record Authority Ayesha Hameed, centralization of land record data has further secured the land record system.
Interestingly, since an organization's structure (e.g., centralization and formalization efforts) is relatively stable and determined prior to an employee's arrival in an organization's workforce, it may be a potential background source of workplace deviance, meaning that the organization may in itself be causing employees to engage in deviant behaviors without knowing they are contributing to the problem.
Researchers have concluded that organizational structure, such as centralization and formalization (Pierce & Delbecq, 1977) have an influence on innovative behavior.
Centralization of the radial club hand: an ulnar surgical approach.