centralization

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centralization

the vertical dimension of ORGANIZATION structure. Organizations are centralized when important decisions are largely taken by managers at the top of the organization. There is a persistent tension between DECENTRALIZATION and centralization organizations. Centralization of decisions is useful to provide central direction to the organization. However, it can mean that the organization cannot respond quickly to PRODUCT MARKET developments. Also, if lower level managers are precluded from making important decisions it can have negative effects on their job satisfaction. See ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

centralization

the concentration of economic decision-making centrally rather than diffusing such decision-making to many different decision-makers. In a country, this is achieved by the adoption of a CENTRALLY PLANNED ECONOMY where the state undertakes to own, control and direct resources into particular uses. In a firm, centralization involves top managers retaining authority to make all major decisions and issuing detailed instructions to particular divisions and departments.

See U-FORM ORGANIZATION.

References in periodicals archive ?
The imperial powers who carved up Poland at the end of the eighteenth century were convinced that enlightened centralism and the triumph of the unitary state were essential and necessary stepping-stones on the road to the modern world (6).
If the country was to work, Adeyeye, at the event chaired by Professor Oyinade Olurin, also stressed the need for the evolution of a truly federal system to bring down 'overbearing' centralism which he said was the reason for the inefficiency of the federating units, and Nigeria, as a whole.
Some exceptions to this rule, even in digital centralism, includes examples of South Korea, Japan, Finland or Sweden, which are moving to more decentralized or even federated mechanisms of open data politics.
They have turned attention to political parties as an alternative framework of anchoring development and democracy based on the idea of "democratic centralism" in which political decisions reached by a strong party formation (through its democratically elected bodies) are binding upon all members of the party.ELIMINATE POVERTYWhile still "looking West" for models of economic development, Africa is looking East for models to safeguard development, eliminate poverty and implement long-term vision of development such as Kenya's Vision 2030.They are inspired by China's meteoric rise from a poverty-stricken Third World country to a superpower!
What Stalin did even had a name: bureaucratic centralism.
It should be obvious at this point in history that centralism (either central planning or legal centralism) is not the solution to all our social and economic ills.
Following Bois reconstruction, the main dilemma faced by the KPD's radicals after 1921 seems to be their acceptance of an especially authoritarian concept of 'Leninist' centralism which made them unable to accept the idea of both pluralism within communism--a necessary precondition for a successful opposition--or the possibility of two revolutionary parties acting within a broader Labour movement.
Stringham contrasts private governance with legal centralism, which, he writes, is "the idea that order in the world depends on and is attributable to government law" The belief in legal centralism, he shows, has been widespread, even among free-market economists.
All of these are offered in contrast to what is referred to as the "legal centralism" approach to governance in society.
They believe a staunch centralism will keep the country together.
The 18th Amendment has brought about a paradigm shift from centralism to participatory federalism Chairman Senate Rabbani said adding that had this not been enacted in 2010, the political repercussions would have been of a
My friend Denis Robertson Sullivan recruited Kennedy to the SDP, with a common thread for both being revulsion at Labour centralism and illiberalism.