design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Null hypotheses were formulated and in pre-experimental designs one group single case study design was adopted.
The case study design thus may be too cautious, too self-aware about the pitfalls of comparative modernisms.
According to him, a case study design should be considered when: (a) the focus of the study is to answer "how" and "why" questions; (b) you cannot manipulate the behaviour of those involved in the study; (c) you want to cover contextual conditions because you believe they are relevant to the phenomenon under study; or (d) the boundaries are not clear between the phenomenon and context.
Design case study Conduct case study Analyze the case study evident Case study report Case study design can be divided into two; (1) single case study and (2) multiple case study.
A single case study design was used to examine online instructional practices based on the learning styles of online graduate students.
A descriptive/exploratory case study design, underpinned by Asghar, Alahakoon and Churilov's (2006) model of disaster management, was used.
A case study design with mixed quantitative and qualitative modes of inquiry were used interactively for collecting information from the targeted schools to determine whether the CFS project causes outcomes.
The authors employed a multiple case study design to assess the effectiveness of the adapted SOTSECID programme with a group of high-risk sex offenders with ID admitted in secure settings.
Using a case study design, teaching and learning process of a native teacher and her six indigenous students in a mathematics remediation classroom at an elementary school located in the interior area was investigated.
Even though generalizability is difficult because real-life situations have unique characteristics, Yin (1989) suggested that a multiple case study design provides the replication needed to prove or disprove a theory.
Among his topics are biosensors and bioassays, comparative structure and function, spatial and temporal micro-environmental factors, ready-to-use commercial three-dimensional plates, and ideal case study design.