design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
Within the case study design, three data collection methods were used.
A case study design with mixed quantitative and qualitative modes of inquiry were used interactively for collecting information from the targeted schools to determine whether the CFS project causes outcomes.
The authors employed a multiple case study design to assess the effectiveness of the adapted SOTSECID programme with a group of high-risk sex offenders with ID admitted in secure settings.
Using a case study design, teaching and learning process of a native teacher and her six indigenous students in a mathematics remediation classroom at an elementary school located in the interior area was investigated.
The present paper explores these aspects a multiple case study design, by analyzing Poland and Romania after 2006 in a comparative perspective.
Even though generalizability is difficult because real-life situations have unique characteristics, Yin (1989) suggested that a multiple case study design provides the replication needed to prove or disprove a theory.
Among his topics are biosensors and bioassays, comparative structure and function, spatial and temporal micro-environmental factors, ready-to-use commercial three-dimensional plates, and ideal case study design.
The three models of care identified are described and illustrated using a multiple case study design.
As it stands, this case study design does not allow us to rule out the effects of maturation.