On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate of Cardiac Output
Monitoring Devices for each application, including-
"Despite the encouraging results from this study, there are still many challenges in developing the ideal cardiac output
monitor for pediatric patients," said Dr Trieu.
also depends on SV, so the factors which affect SV may alter the cardiac output
In 2014, the results of the POEMAS Study (Peri Operative goal-directed thErapy in Major Abdominal Surgery) were published: "a perioperative hemodynamic protocol guided by a noninvasive cardiac output
monitor was not associated with a decrease in the incidence of overall complications or length of stay in major abdominal surgery." (7)
In a randomised study of 104 healthy patients undergoing caesarean delivery under spinal anaesthesia, at 5 minutes after local anaesthetic injection a noradrenaline infusion maintained maternal cardiac output
and heart rate better than a phenylephrine infusion.
was decreased in 18 patients (25.7%), normal in 39 patients (55.7%) and increased in 13 patients (18.6%), whereas in 70 patients, 18 patients (25.7%) had decreased cardiac index, 26 patients (37.1%) had normal cardiac index and 26 patients (37.1%) had increased cardiac index.
The hemodynamic variables [heart rate, HR; stroke volume, SV; and cardiac output
, CO] were continuously recorded using an impedance cardiography device (PhysioFlow[R] PF07 Enduro[TM], USA).
Heart failure is a clinical syndrome characterized by a decrease in cardiac output
with or without an increase in intracardiac pressure, which can be caused by structural or functional pathologies.
Measurement of cardiac output
(CO) and cardiac index (CI) is commonly used in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
Aortic out flow, coronary effluent, cardiac output
, dP/dt(max), dP/dt(min), systolic and diastolic pressure, heart rate, and aortic pressure were measured.
Paramedics took over and according to West Midlands Ambulance service "managed to gain some cardiac output
" - but Mr Churchill died shortly after arriving at hospital.