background of many Jewish Communists in Belarus could not help but influence their vision of Jewish nationality within the USSR.
They consider Bundists
in the Soviet Union during the Second World War, Bund and Jewish fraction of the Polish Workers' Party in Poland after 1945, the French Bundist
movement after the Holocaust: between self and collective reconstruction 1944-48, the Bund in Israel: searching for Jewish working class secular brotherhood in Zion, The Goldene Medineh: Bund and Jewish left in the post-war US, and history erased by the victors: Israeli academic and popular historiography on the Jewish labor movement.
Instead, they should organize a May Day parade (on 18 April OS), with red flags and banners extolling "class and political demands and their solidarity with the workers of the world."(72) Bundist
Leivik Hodis introduced this resolution in the Smolensk Soviet, which agreed and planned a massive celebration, including representatives of all the Jewish socialist parties and a Bund Choir.(73) The Bund framed its politics almost exclusively in terms of class struggle, and by doing so pointed the way for all of the city's socialist parties.
This was Dubinsky's Bundist
dream as a youth; it was his dedication and deed as a national and international leader of labor in his mature years.
For the first year after the uprising, the most celebrated hero of the revolt was the Bundist
activist Michal Klepfisz, as the revolt came to symbolize the Jewish contribution to the Allied war effort in freedom's struggle against Nazism and totalitarianism.
For all of the ways in which we might imagine that Bundist
national-cultural autonomy must have birthed international minority rights, there is little evidence of that connection.
However, for the Yiddish snob (ahem) there is, for example, a Bundist
textbook with astronomical charts in Yiddish (you can see them blown up on the wall of the main exhibition space).
Rafes's objection may have reflected a personal bias of someone who had come to the Comintern's Eastern Section from a Bundist
background, a party that opposed assimilation and defended Jewish civil and cultural rights.
While she is proud of her husband's fight for Communism, she herself was raised in the Bundist
Avrom Berkovitz the butcher knew, because he had read the Bundist
Professor Jacobs importantly notes that the founder of the Second Polish Republic, Jozef Pilsudski and his government opposed anti-Semitism even after all the Bundist
attempts to favor the Soviet invasion of Poland (37) and Bundist
support for the Comintern after that failed invasion.
These Jews who take their stand against Jews are joined by Tony Judt, the Britishborn academic at NYU who has called for the abolition of the state of Israel, or, as he puts it, the transformation of "Israel from a Jewish state to a binational one." By Canadian documentary filmmaker Avi Lewis, great-grandson of a famous Polish Bundist
, who now hosts Fault Lines, a particularly agitated program on Al Jazeera's English-language channel.