1] takes the value 1 if a student reported to have bribed and 0 otherwise.
Females, students attending institutions located in small cities, and students who have bribed in secondary education are found to have a higher probability to bribe for exams, whereas perceiving bribing as a crime is associated with a lower probability of bribing.
A better alternative, analogous to leniency in antitrust, may be a scheme open to both briber and bribed
, where immunity is awarded only to the first party that reports, while the other party will incur stronger sanctions.
Democrats will raid Republican and mixed areas, since they can ens ure all bribed
voters will specifically vote for them.
To avoid open-set nonexistence problems and the need to use some type of [Epsilon]-equilibrium solution concept, we assume that all unbribed legislators who are indifferent between the alternative x and the status quo s vote for s and that all bribed
legislators who are indifferent between x and s (given the offered bribes) vote for the outcome preferred by the vote buyer who bribes them last.
Bin Laden had bribed
an official of the revenue division of Pakistan to the tune of 50,000 Pakistani rupees ( ` 28,179) to obtain an NOC to build the three- storey bomb- proof residential compound in Abbottabad before shifting there.
Mexico City: Retail giant Walmart aggressively bribed
Mexican officials to get the necessary permits to open more than a dozen supermarkets across the country, the New York Times reported.
At an earlier hearing, two shop owners whom he had bribed
testified against him.