# Bootstrap

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## Bootstrap

Term used to describe the start-up of a company with very little capital.

## Bootstrap

1. To start a company with personal finances rather than through loans or venture capital. This is obviously a large risk to the entrepreneur as he/she has no recourse should the business fail. On the other hand, it allows the entrepreneur to maintain control of the business and has the potential to be very successful. It is famously said that Ross Perot established Electronic Data Systems with \$1,000 in personal savings; he maintained complete control of the company until its IPO six years later. This is an example of bootstrapping. See also: Seed money.

2. To calculate the yield curve on a zero-coupon Treasury bill. Because the U.S. Treasury does not issue new T-bills constantly, bootstrapping is used to create a yield curve by filling in the missing yields on the T-bills.

## bootstrap

To assist a new business in getting off the ground.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1995, David Yarowsky published a seminal paper about bootstrapped learning for word sense disambiguation.
The main purpose of utilizing the population and bootstrapped sample is to avoid bias from a dual sampling frame, and if researchers can mitigate this bias by applying both weights, these results can be generalized to the U.S.
The bootstrapped version of HQC performs consistently better than the other criteria: in fact it chooses the correct model in average 63.2% and 56.6% of the times for T = 100 and T = 200, respectively.
In the first step of the DEA double bootstrap technique, original DEA and bootstrapped VRS efficiencies of 1995-96, 2000-01 and 2005-06 were estimated along with confidence intervals.
Therefore, the original small data set obtained from the experimental design (Table 1) was used to generate thirty bootstrapped data sets for training feed-forward neural networks.
In particular, the bootstrapped MLE coefficients tend to be higher in absolute terms than those of the OLS by a margin of 0.1% to 0.2% for LMONCO and 0.4% to 0.9% for the relatively flat LPM10.
The standard error of [Mathematical Expression Omitted] is then estimated by calculating the standard deviation of the bootstrapped estimates [Mathematical Expression Omitted], or alternatively, the confidence intervals can be calculated by using the percentiles of the distribution of [Mathematical Expression Omitted].
Because of the small number of taxa remaining after topiary pruning, it was feasible to carry out extensive bootstrapping of the data set and perform an extensive maximum parsimony search on each bootstrapped set of data.
Examination of histograms from the bootstrapped PCA demonstrated that no reflection occurred on the first axis, whereas most variables exhibited reflection on axes 2 and 3 [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED].
Once appropriate point estimates of the required forecasts are obtained the model has been recursively bootstrapped to obtain the probability distributions of the average demand, peak demand and of forecast errors conditional on current information.
She suggested first, however, that voice mail be bootstrapped in her department.

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