matrix

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Fig. 58 Matrix. The matrix structure.

matrix

an ORGANIZATION structure in which individuals report to managers in more than one DEPARTMENT or function. The simple CHAIN OF COMMAND found in the classic BUREAUCRACY is replaced by (potentially) a multiplicity of reporting relationships. This type of structure may characterize part of the organization – for project team management for instance, where a project manager assumes authority over team members drawn from a number of departments – or it may extend to the entire organization. See Fig. 58.

There is no standard form of matrix. Managers may have equal formal authority over subordinates or alternatively one of these may have primary authority with the others, assuming authority on particular issues, as in the dotted-line relationship (see ORGANIZATION CHART). The benefits of matrix organization are said to be that it facilitates interdepartmental coordination during innovation, and, by weakening departmental boundaries, encourages greater flexibility and creativity. However, many organizations that have assumed this form have found that the absence of clarity in lines of authority and responsibility can lead to inertia and conflict. See FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE, PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE, CRITICAL FUNCTION STRUCTURE, CONCURRENT ENGINEERING.

References in periodicals archive ?
TGF-[beta] is stored in the mineralized bone matrix in its latent form and can be activated by exposure to a low pH environment similar to that generated by the osteoclast during bone resorption.
MTF says it will continue to distribute its Grafton Demineralized Bone Matrix, which is processed by Osteotech, Inc.
GEM 21S was the first totally synthetic product combining a purified recombinant growth factor with a synthetic bone matrix to be approved by the FDA for human application.
The market currently has five segments: allograft, demineralized bone matrix (DBM), bone graft substitutes, machined bone and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP).
Keywords Japan, south korea, australia, Dental Bone Graft Substitute, Autografts, Allografts, De-mineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) Allografts, Xenografts, Synthetics, Tissue Engineering Products, Dental Membranes
Keywords: Japan, south korea, australia, Dental Bone Graft Substitute, Autografts, Allografts, De-mineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) Allografts, Xenografts, Synthetics, Tissue Engineering Products, Dental Membranes
China, India, Dental Bone Graft Substitute, Autografts, Allografts, De-mineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) Allografts, Xenografts, Synthetics, Tissue Engineering Products, Dental Membranes
Supports ligaments, tendons, bone matrix and lean muscle mass
NASDAQ: WMGI), a global orthopaedic medical device company, today announced a supply and distribution agreement with AlloSource for FUSIONFLEX[TM] Bone Matrix, a unique bone repair scaffold for use in primary fusion procedures of the foot and ankle, as well as other orthopaedic bone grafting applications.
Key segments covered include Bone Allografts, Bone Graft Substitutes (Synthetic Bone Graft Substitutes, and bone morphogenic proteins), Bone Growth Stimulators, Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM), and Viscosupplementation.
Osteotech pioneered several innovative technology platforms including Grafton[R] demineralized bone matrix, and MagniFuse[TM] Bone grafts and Plexur[R] Biocomposites, which are utilized in a broad range of musculoskeletal surgical procedures.
Building on the clinical success of Wright's PRO-DENSE([R]) material platform, PRO-STIM[TM] graft provides surgeons with the osteoconductive base material (a patented combination of calcium sulfate and calcium phosphate materials), but adds a high volume of osteoinductive demineralized bone matrix (DBM) to the formulation to speed the healing and remodeling process.