But the body louse
lives in clothing and, unlike the head louse, can spread bacterial diseases.
Our study demonstrates evidence of infestation by the body louse
The body louse
has figured in a number of history's main events.
quintana is the body louse
, although recent studies suggest head lice may also vector disease agents (10-12).
The head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, and the body louse
, Pediculus humanus humanus, are obligatory ectoparasites that feed exclusively on human blood (4).
Humans are the sole hosts of the pubic louse (Pthirus pubis), the body louse
(Pediculus humanus humanus), and the head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis) (1).
pestis could be mediated by human ectoparasites, such as the human body louse
From 50 randomly selected persons, each of whom had at least 3 body lice and 3 head lice; we selected 1 head louse and 1 body louse
from each person for amplification and sequencing of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome b as described (11).
In Response: Commenting on our recent demonstration that the human body louse
was a likely vector of Black Death (the medieval European plague epidemics) (1), Welford and Bossak (2) point out that quantitative and qualitative inconsistencies in data for Black Death and modern plague argue against concluding that Yersinia pestis is the etiologic agent of Black Death (3).
The human body louse
and human head louse are generally recognized as 2 subspecies of Pediculus humanus (P.
Depending on the populations targeted, these interventions may include education, free condom distribution, syringe and needle prescription programs, chest radiography screening for tuberculosis, directly observed therapy for tuberculosis treatment, improvement of personal clothing and bedding hygiene, and widespread use of ivermectin for scabies and body louse
Although the body louse
is the traditional vector of B.