However, that will not always be the case, and, so as not to fetter improperly (and perhaps dangerously) the discretion of blockading
forces, the national command must consider whether to authorize rules of engagement (ROE) that also permit the targeting of direct participants, rather than relying solely on the self-defense paradigm.
But if the distant blockade seems relatively attractive from a blockading state's point of view, its implementation poses several critical challenges.
Aside from the seized tankers themselves, blockading forces would face the perplexing issue of what to do with the seized crews and cargoes.
18) A blockading naval force would have to determine which of these tankers carried, among them, the roughly 3.
The blockading force would probably find no tankers with bills of lading that declared China as their destination.
The blockading state could exert pressure on East Asian nations to prohibit such transshipments, but the economic incentive to allow them would doubtless be considerable.
The ships on station, however many there are, would also require in-theater replacements for maintenance or combat casualties, as well as backups should any of the blockading ships be diverted to escort or pursuit functions.