Measurements were made of the bizygomatic
arch (AZ) and the bigonial arch (AG), following the methodology of Gabarre-Mir et al.
The inverted tooth form was classified as square, tapering or ovoid according to the outline form.8 If the bitemporal, bizygomatic
and bimandibular distances were found equal the face form was labeled squarish.
All cranial dimensions except anteroposterior dimension, cranial height and bizygomatic
breadth showed significant decrease in speech and hearing impaired children in the age group of 5-10 years.
Morphologic trait N = 118[dagger] N = 118[double dagger] Thigh length -0.161 -0.106 Leg length -0.166 -0.142 Upper arm length -0.208(*) -0.062 Forearm length -0.207(*) -0.059 Biiliocristal diameter -0.156 -0.143 Bitrochanteric diameter -0.134 -0.086 Transverse chest diameter -0.222(*) -0.031 Chest depth -0.123 -0.157 Biacromial diameter -0.186(*) -0.106 Head length -0.135 -0.103 Head breadth -0.027 -0.007 Chest circumference -0.150 -0.107 Upper arm circumference -0.120 -0.091 Calf circumference -0.205(*) -0.114 Biocular breadth -0.212(*) -0.235(*) Bizygomatic
breadth -0.142 -0.097 Bigonial breadth -0.140 -0.089 Upper face height -0.157 -0.056 Trunk length -0.154 -0.101 Crown-rump length -0.156 -0.112 * Indicates significant at P [less than] 0.05 without sequential Bonferroni.
Participants were divided into two groups according to their bizygomatic
arch characteristics (Fig.
Key Words: Bizygomatic
, mouth, philtrum, interalar, intercanine, central incisors.
Even though, various studies have recorded changes in craniofacial shape that occur throughout life, as well as changes in the size of various craniofacial measurements, including head length, width, and circumference, bizygomatic
breadth, and anterior face height, the estimation of stature from craniofacial dimensions is without doubt important in forensic cases.
The relationship between the width of the mouth, interalar width, bizygomatic
width and interpupillary distance in edentulous patients.
In addition, the facial biotype is modeled through the bite force variables, bizygomatic
distance (Zr-Zl), face height (N-Ng) and transverse distances of the arcs.