"Anxiety related to biological agents
may significantly affect the patients' anxiety levels," the authors write.
in infection treatment and the challenges in using them will also be debated.
There are four classifications for how biological agents
can be used to harm or kill a person animal or plant.
Overall, 93 patients initiated MTX in 1996 to 2001 and had 5-year follow-up data, 63 (68%) with adequate responses (continued MTX and no biological agent
) and 30 (32%) with incomplete responses (subsequent biological agent
The purpose of this article is to increase school counselors' bioterrorism preparedness by providing information as follows: (a) a description of bioterrorism and biological agents
, (b) the psychological impact of bioterrorism, (c) school counselors' role in a school-related incident, (d) disaster mental health principles and procedures, and (e) implications for school counselors in the context of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model.
Conversely, while chemical and biological agents
have different physical properties and effects, they do have similar employment properties.
The major risk posed in working with biological agents
is the transmission of disease resulting in infection of other organisms.
This system uses patented ATP bioluminescence technology to test for non-specific biological agents
, and then signals another system that can accurately identify the particular agent.
Although its program is in the research and development stage, Libya may be capable of producing small quantities of biological agent
. Libya's BWC program has been hindered, in part, by the country's poor scientific and technological base, equipment shortages, and a lack of skilled personnel, as well as by United Nations sanctions in place from 1992 to 1999.
It is capable of detecting potentially lethal agents in under two minutes and can be used as the trigger for more specific identifying systems to pinpoint the particular biological agent
The FFA400 was initially developed for the US military for the protection of personnel and other assets from toxic chemical and biological agent
attacks during combat.
Perhaps the easiest biological agent
to produce is ricin, which the Bulgarian secret police used during the Cold War era to assassinate dissident Georgi Markov.