These include nutrients and their secondary metabolites--substances produced by metabolism--and other bioactive food components
. The analytical methods help food manufacturers and researchers provide values to the USDA food-composition database that consumers can trust.
Dietary approaches to lowering the risk of CVD include reducing consumption of saturated and trans fatty acids in the diet and increasing that of helpful heart protecting bioactive food components
, such as monounsaturated fatty acids, plant sterols, omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fibre, dietary antioxidants, folic acid and vitamin B12.