The range of probabilities of negative

binomial distribution is obtained using the following calculation (JOHNSON and KOTZ, 1969):

26) when the negative

binomial distribution was fitted to data from large Ebola transmission chains in Guinea (32); this result suggests that the high variability assumption may be appropriate, but whether or not the assumption of high variability is an appropriate characterization for potential Ebola outbreaks in new countries is unclear.

For this reason, the negative

binomial distribution (nbd) was deemed more appropriate than Poisson.

is the probability function of a negative

binomial distribution with parameters equal to

To isolate the consequences of possible model misspecification in deriving standardized indices of abundance, negative

binomial distributions with characteristics like those of MRFSS recreational catch-per-trip distributions were simulated by using the SAS RANTBL function (SAS, 2000).

In particular, Johnson and Kotz (1969) pointed out, "The negative

binomial distribution is very often a first choice as alternative when it is felt that a Poisson distribution might be inadequate" (p.

Second, perhaps the available sample sizes simply provide insufficient statistical power to detect deviations from a

binomial distribution of the magnitude that may be occurring in the study population.

Chi-square tests in Table 1 indicate that greater disparities between the observed tree seedling distribution, and its random expectations generated by either the Poisson or the

binomial distributions, are to be expected more than 90 times in 100 by chance alone.

Counts of biological populations often are fitted well by the negative

binomial distribution (Anscombe 1949, Bliss and Fisher 1953, Bowden et al.

The first term in Equation 4 is E(k), which, for the

binomial distribution, is n[p.

Computer methods for sampling from gamma, beta, poisson and

binomial distributions, Computing 12, (1974), 223-246.