This phenomenon could also amplify other biases
in data, for example, issues around race.
Differences in who we are can result in our bringing unconscious biases
into interactions with people different from ourselves, which can result in misunderstanding or conflict.
The IAT is a social psychology test designed to measure an individual's unconscious biases
toward different demographic groups.
The study looks at two common biases
that can affect how one saves for retirement -- present bias, the tendency to put more value in current or short-term decisions than the future, and exponential-growth bias, aka the tendency to underestimate and neglect the power of compounding investment returns.
To estimate the prevalence of these two biases
, the authors use data from two online surveys, the RAND American Life Panel and the Understanding America Study.
In this light, the author points to research that suggests that reporters' partisan biases
are secondary to their professional orientation.
5 percent resulted from biases
Abreu (2001) reviewed the theory and research surrounding stereotypes and prejudice and included evidence that such biases
can occur outside conscious awareness.
T Gilovich, D Griffin and D Kahneman (eds), The Psychology of Intuitive Judgment: Heuristics and Biases
It behoves us all to ensure our biases
do not take us too far from the straight and narrow.
The architect must see these biases
and seek the whole picture process and then pick the right level of abstraction.
Researchers study implicit biases
using any of several techniques, such as tracking participants' feelings and behaviors after subliminally showing them pictures of black or old people.