Bias

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Bias

1. In statistics, a circumstance leading to inaccurate results because of conscious or unconscious manipulation of data. Bias is anything that reduces the randomness of the sample being tested.

2. Anything that affects a decision other than facts. For example, a company may be disinclined to expand into an area of town because it is perceived as dangerous, whether or not it actually is. Bias is thought to reduce efficiency. See also: Behavioral economics.
References in periodicals archive ?
The question I have for you is, "Who's more biased, the AI or the human leader?" And I hope you indict man over the machine.
However, the study found that it was quite surprising when biased sources changed positions on an issue.
The bill follows numerous reports of computer algorithms creating biased and discriminatory results.
One of the most encouraging findings was that biased managers did not display any animus toward minority workers.
Thus, the author emphasizes that it is unreasonable to conclude that particular news stories and media generally are biased, simply because people claim they are.
Next, suppose that the decision maker is interested in adopting policy measures to increase the reputation cost of a biased agent to improve his truth telling.
Using an autorouter in these conditions makes sense; however, autorouters are biased and NSEW escapes are not compatible with layer-biased autorouting.
Mueller makes the unsubstantiated claims that a "plethora of surveys" show that the press has a liberal bias, that the Bush campaigns of 2000 and 2004 were handicapped by this bias, and despite evidence refuting the bias claim, it makes no matter since the "audience thinks that the press is biased."
In this article, only the bottom temperature was assumed to be noisy and to be biased in order to provide a straight-forward illustration of the proposed approach.
Though written by a person of faith especially to help other Christians sort through news media, Engaging News Media is emphatically not biased toward the hardcore conservative Christian perspective--nor is it biased toward a hardcore liberal perspective.
Since the major tool is speed of reaction, and since my eyes are not too good now, the results were very curious and probably totally unreliable: Though a lifelong, unprejudiced heterosexual, the test has me biased in favor of gays; as a lifelong champion of color blindness regarding race, I am indicated as being biased against blacks.
They should, instead, seek a balance between letting athletes become aware of their intrinsic movement tendencies, and use strategies that encourage them to avoid being biased without having to actively think about it.