Bias


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Bias

1. In statistics, a circumstance leading to inaccurate results because of conscious or unconscious manipulation of data. Bias is anything that reduces the randomness of the sample being tested.

2. Anything that affects a decision other than facts. For example, a company may be disinclined to expand into an area of town because it is perceived as dangerous, whether or not it actually is. Bias is thought to reduce efficiency. See also: Behavioral economics.
References in periodicals archive ?
One-off unconscious bias training emphasises the development of declarative knowledge, which assumes that unconscious bias is a fixed personality trait.
Stereotyping is one aspect of implicit bias and explained in detail in this article.
She added, "The symposium offers the opportunity for Bar members to learn the latest in how bias affects the legal system and particularly how implicit bias that we may not be aware of can tilt the legal playing field.
For example a HIGH DPI is less of an indicator of a bias if the SP% is also HIGH but a HIGH DPI with a LOW SP% would imply a notable bias.
This is particularly true in a quarry setting, where a bias may be a better fit for one loader and radial may be a better fit for another loader on the same site.
Despite a conscious belief that all genders, races, ages, and backgrounds should be treated equally in nursing care, at an unconscious level, bias persist to exist.
Given this, the researchers suggest that the negative effects of the bias may be the result of implicit bias constraining worker--manager interactions.
The antidote to the ambiguity bias is--when possible--to reduce the ambiguity so that all choices can be examined more objectively.
"As we think about helping people understand different points of view and being open to different points of view, we're dealing with political bias as well going forward," Sandberg said in a conversation with AEI President Arthur Brooks.
"It has been suggested that self-awareness regarding one's biases may be as important or even more important in determining behavior than the direct effect of the bias itself," according to the NBER study.
The [Y.sub.2][O.sub.3] coatings were applied with different conditions of concentration (wt%) of suspension solution, frequency of applied bias voltage, and the applied bias voltage using [Y.sub.2][O.sub.3] particles.
"Exponential-growth bias" is a perceptual bias that relates to an individual's understanding of compound interest.