# basis point

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## Basis point

In the bond market, the smallest measure used for quoting yields is a basis point. Each percentage point of yield in bonds equals 100 basis points. Basis points also are used for interest rates. An interest rate of 5% is 50 basis points higher than an interest rate of 4.5%. Sometimes referred to as BPS, BIPS, and pronounced "Bips"

## Basis Point

A unit of percentage measure equal to 0.01%. Basis points are commonly used when discussing changes to interest rates, equity indices, and fixed-income securities. In the media, perhaps its most common use is in reporting a central bank's changes to prevailing interest rates. For example, a newspaper might report that the Federal Reserve cut interest rates 100 basis points when it means that prevailing rates have dropped from 1.5% to 0.5%.

## basis point

A value equaling one one-hundredth of a percent ( 1/100 of 1%). Basis point is used to measure yield differences among bonds. For example, there is a 30 basis point difference between two bonds if one yields 10.3% and the other yields 10.6%.
Case Study On May 9, 2001, WorldCom, Inc., issued \$11.9 billion of bonds in what at the time was the largest corporate debt issue in U.S. history. WorldCom's bond issue exceeded by \$3.3 billion the previous largest issue, by Ford Motor Company two years earlier. Most of the proceeds from the WorldCom bond issue were to be used to pay down short-term debt, including \$6 billion of commercial paper. The entire issue, which included maturities of 3 years, 10 years, and 30 years, was sold at an average interest cost of 7.6%. The 3-year bonds were sold to yield 6.566%, while the 10-year and 30-year bonds sold to yield 7.659% and 8.250%, respectively. The 30-year portion, maturing in May 2031, sold at a premium of 259 basis points, or 2.59 percentage points, above the 30-year Treasury yield of 5.66%. The 259 basis-point premium to long-term Treasuries indicated the substantial credit risk assumed by investors who purchased WorldCom bonds. The WorldCom issue took place during a painful period for telecom companies, and the firm's common stock price had declined by over 60% in the year prior to the debt issue. Intense competition caused the company's long distance operation to become a particular problem. The bonds were rated BBB+ by Standard & Poor's and A-3 by Moody's. Although the issue was a success, the firm's financial position continued to deteriorate, and a little more than a year later WorldCom was bankrupt.

## Basis point.

Yields on bonds, notes, and other fixed-income investments fluctuate regularly, typically changing only a few hundredths of a percentage point.

These small variations are measured in basis points, or gradations of 0.01%, or one-hundredth of a percent, with 100 basis points equaling 1%. For example, when the yield on a bond changes from 6.72% to 6.65%, it has dropped 7 basis points.

Similarly, small changes in the interest rates charged for mortgages or other loans are reported in basis points, as are the fees you pay on various investment products, such as annuities and mutual funds. For example, if the average management fee is 1.4%, you might hear it expressed as 140 basis points.

Your percentage of ownership in certain kinds of investments may also be stated in basis points, and in this case each basis point equals 0.01% of the whole investment.

## basis point

A unit of measure used in finance,it is 1/100 of 1 percent.Commercial lenders will typically quote rates as a certain number of basis points above an index, such as LIBOR (London InterBank Overnight Rate) or 10-year Treasury bonds.A fee of 50 basis points for a \$3,000,000 loan is a fee of 50/100 of 1 percent,or 1/2 of 1 percent on \$3,000,000,being \$15,000.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The delinquency rate increased by 16 basis points for conventional loans, increased 52 basis points for FHA loans, and increased 27 basis points for VA loans from the previous year.
* Vanguard New Jersey Long-Term Tax-Exempt Fund Investor (VNJTX) and Admiral (VNJUX) shares declined one and three basis points to 0.19% and 0.09%, respectively.
The extra yield demanded by investors to hold European bonds instead of US Treasuries surged 54 basis points this month to 319, according to JPMorgan Chase & Co's EMBI Global Index.
The company estimated that those factors combined to slash same-store prescription volume by 180 to 200 basis points while trimming 140 to 160 basis points from front-end same-store sales.
Trepp said \$1.35 billion in CMBS loans became newly delinquent in April, which put 26 basis points of upward pressure on the delinquency rate.
In the final quarter gross margin expanded by 44 basis points to 37.55%, while SG&A expense contracted 54 basis points to 22.56% of sales.
Last May, the MB cut the BSP's key rates by 25 basis points due to sustained drop of domestic inflation rate, which peaked at 6.7 percent in September and October last year.
This would take total rate cuts in 2019 to 100 basis points as BSP responds to lower inflation and softening growth.
Karachi -- Banking sector spread for the month of November 2018 surged to 5.14 basis points, (+11 basis points MoM/+25 basis points YoY, rising for the second month running.
Monetary policy: SBP raises key interest rate by 50 basis points to 6.5%

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