The patients who required iMV had lower median Apgar score at 5 minutes, higher CRIB score, lower PaC[O.sub.2] and higher base deficit
, and those who died on NCPAP had a CRIB score >10, were ELBW and lower gestation, had lower pH and PaC[O.sub.2], and had a higher base deficit
We approached this study by taking into consideration two clinical outcomes that are indicative to the fetal status at birth: pH value and base deficit
Defining asphyxia as an Apgar score of <7 at 5 minutes and base deficit
of >12 mmol/L, 179 patients (97.8%) developed signs of HIE (according to Sarnat and Sarnat staging ), giving an incidence of 8.5/1 000 live births, compared with 13.3/1 000 live births when asphyxia was defined as need for BMV.
Patients will have an elevated base deficit
before their blood pressure drops to classic "hypotension" levels.
The postoperative monitoring of patients in the ICU setting is based mainly on vital signs, urine output, hematocrit and ISTAT[R] base deficit
(lactate cartridges are available from the ISTAT[R] manufacturer but were not used routinely in Operation Iraqi Freedom [OIF]-1 or OIF-2).
Comparison of the prognostic significance of initial blood lactate and base deficit
in trauma patients.
Resuscitation in the pediatric trauma population: admission base deficit
remains an important prognostic indicator.
Classification of Intrapartum Fetal Asphyxia Asphyxia Metabolic Cardiovascular, acidosis respiratory, at and renal delivery Encephalopathy complications * Minor Moderate Severe Minor Moderate/severe Mild + +/- +/- Moderate + + +/- Severe + + + * Umbilical artery base deficit
[greater than or equal to]12 mmol/L.
Once the patient was identified, data was registered on a previous designed form including demographic characteristics, severity of the lesions, information about the time of care and preoperative treatment provided, characteristics of the fluids used for resuscitation, blood products administered (type and amount), use of rapid infusion systems, red blood cells salvage and shock markers [lactic acid, base deficit
(BD)], erythrocyte mass and platelet count, and hemostatic profile [Thromboelastography (TEG[R]), serum fibrinogen) at the beginning and end of the procedure.
The normal ranges and values were as follows: SBP > 90 mmHg, temperature [greater than or equal to] 36[degrees]C, serum lactate [less than or equal to] 2.5 mmol/l and base deficit
[less than or equal to] 4.0.
The prospective, multicenter observational study evaluated umbilical artery, ductus venosus and umbilical vein Doppler flows, and biophysical parameters as predictors of stillbirth, acidemia (cord artery pH less than 7.0 and/or a base deficit
of more than 12), neonatal morbidity (intraventricular hemorrhage above grade 2, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and necrotizing colitis), and neonatal mortality.
This means that a base deficit
(negative SBE) corresponds to a positive SID and reflects the presence of non-measured anions (e.g.