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An arithmetic mean return of selected stocks intended to represent the behavior of the market or some component of it. One good example is the widely quoted Dow Jones Industrial Average, which adds the current prices of the 30 DJIA stocks, and divides the results by a predetermined number, the divisor.

Average (across-day) measures

An estimation of price that uses the average or representative price of a large number of trades.


A simple way to calculate the relative price of an index of stocks that involves adding the prices of all the stocks in the index and dividing by the total number of stocks. Market averages may be weighted, for example, for price or market capitalization. Movements in the market average of an index are considered a way to observe trends in the health of the companies represented in it. Some market averages are taken as an indicator of health in the broader economy; prominent examples of this include the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 indices.


See averages.


A stock market average is a mathematical way of reporting the composite change in prices of the stocks that the average includes.

Each average is designed to reflect the general movement of the broad market or a certain segment of the market and often serves as a benchmark for the performance of individual stocks in its sphere.

A true average adds the prices of the stocks it covers and divides that amount by the number of stocks.

However, many averages are weighted, which usually means they count stocks with the largest market capitalizations more heavily than they do others. Weighting reflects the impact that the stocks of the biggest companies have on the markets and on the economy in general.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), which tracks the performance of 30 large-company stocks, is the most widely followed market average in the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, because of the general superficiality and averageness that permeates the everydayness of Dasein, this genuine understanding through discourse often does not take place.
From this perspective, Canada's reputation for averageness is a major asset.
Psychologist Hanne Lie of the University of Western Australia in Perth and her colleagues recently studied how facial averageness relates to a person's genes.
Isolating such characteristics has revealed new complexities to how averageness, symmetry and sexual dimorphism help define beauty.
Furthermore, perceived averageness correlates positively with attractiveness in all animal (dogs, fish, birds) and object (cars and watches) categories tested so far (Halberstadt & Rhodes, 2000, 2003).
But nice warm averageness has not always been the framing myth here.
But neither of these conditions - workaday averageness in levels of rhetorical performance and a strong propensity to divide labor - can conceal the plain fact that Congress as an organizational entity does its work by deliberating.
In his struggle for success, gregariousness, unimaginative and unperceptive acceptance of his surroundings, and averageness, he may be seen as a negative folk hero who, though the object of scorn and ridicule, is often pathetic and never quite despicable.
He avoids posh parties and the social set in an effort to protect his averageness.
The plain potatoes tasted like a school dinner, while the octopus was more interesting but over-cooked into firm, rubbery averageness.
But competition from a certain Paul Gallacher ensured I wouldn't be required any further for the Arabs and, to be brutally honest, a complete and utter averageness meant I also left Queens without a single first-team appearance.
You cannot ignore that all these things are genuine cause for concern right now, the impressive nature of what was produced against Arsenal before conceding washed away in the averageness offered up here.