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An arithmetic mean return of selected stocks intended to represent the behavior of the market or some component of it. One good example is the widely quoted Dow Jones Industrial Average, which adds the current prices of the 30 DJIA stocks, and divides the results by a predetermined number, the divisor.

Average (across-day) measures

An estimation of price that uses the average or representative price of a large number of trades.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


A simple way to calculate the relative price of an index of stocks that involves adding the prices of all the stocks in the index and dividing by the total number of stocks. Market averages may be weighted, for example, for price or market capitalization. Movements in the market average of an index are considered a way to observe trends in the health of the companies represented in it. Some market averages are taken as an indicator of health in the broader economy; prominent examples of this include the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 indices.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


See averages.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


A stock market average is a mathematical way of reporting the composite change in prices of the stocks that the average includes.

Each average is designed to reflect the general movement of the broad market or a certain segment of the market and often serves as a benchmark for the performance of individual stocks in its sphere.

A true average adds the prices of the stocks it covers and divides that amount by the number of stocks.

However, many averages are weighted, which usually means they count stocks with the largest market capitalizations more heavily than they do others. Weighting reflects the impact that the stocks of the biggest companies have on the markets and on the economy in general.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), which tracks the performance of 30 large-company stocks, is the most widely followed market average in the United States.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The components of (co)variance after choosing the most appropriate models for body weight and average daily gain during the studied periods are given in table 2.
Slaughter weights HEAVY (1) MEDIUM (2) LIGTH (3) Initial body weigth, kg 338a 314ab 305b Final body weigth, kg 402a 360b 328c Average daily gain, kg [d.sup.-1] 0.63a 0.45b 0.22c Hot carcass weigth, kg 204a 189b 170c Carcass dressing, % 50.6 52.7 52.0 Muscle, % 62.1 61.9 61.6 Fat, % 14.7 15.8 15.4 Bone, % 17.8 17.2 16.4 Others, % 5.34 5.08 6.59 SEM p < Values Initial body weigth, kg 5.92 0.05 Final body weigth, kg 9.53 0.01 Average daily gain, kg [d.sup.-1] 0.05 0.01 Hot carcass weigth, kg 4.84 0.01 Carcass dressing, % 0.49 0.22 Muscle, % 0.59 0.94 Fat, % 0.58 0.78 Bone, % 0.75 0.76 Others, % 0.68 0.66 (1) Slaughter weight = 400 kg, (2) slaughter weight = 360 kg, (3) slaughter weight = 330 kg, SEM = standard error of mean.
Average daily gain (g)* Interval between days of age 9 - 10.4kg 10.5 - 12.4kg (n = 10) (n = 12) 105 - 120 79 [+ or -] 20 (a) 89 [+ or -] 21 (a) 120 - 135 50 [+ or -] 28 (a) 42 [+ or -] 28 (a) 135 - 150 62 [+ or -] 24 (a) 63 [+ or -] 26 (a) 150 - 165 72 [+ or -] 12 (a) 66 [+ or -] 10 (a) 165 - 180 75 [+ or -] 15 (a) 89 [+ or -] 16 (a) Mean 68 [+ or -] 06 (a) 70 [+ or -] 06 (a) Average daily gain (g)* Interval between days of age >12.5kg Mean (n = 9) 105 - 120 93 [+ or -] 21 (a) 87 120 - 135 21 [+ or -] 08 (a) 37 135 - 150 52 [+ or -] 26 (a) 59 150 - 165 75 [+ or -] 13 (a) 71 165 - 180 66 [+ or -] 16 (a) 77 Mean 61 [+ or -] 61 (a) 66 (*) Values followed by similar letters in the same row do not differ at P<0.05.
Positive correlation was verified (p < 0.05) between the rumination time (RUM) and the average daily gain (ADG) of the animals.
During the test, all growing rabbits were subjected to the following controls: relief of body weight and feed intake at the start of the test (0 d), at 21, at 42 d and the end of the test (63 d) and determination of average daily gain (ADG; expressed as body weight differences divided by passed days) and feed conversion ratio (FCR; expressed as grams of feed intake divided by grams of body gain); slaughter reliefs such as body weight, gross body weight, hot carcass weight, weight of the head and pluck; post-slaughter analysis on Longissimus lumborum (LL) muscle such as fatty acid profile, cholesterol content, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), vitamins A and E were determined.
The findings of this study indicate that supplementary diet containing the supplements was higher in average daily gain (ADG) than those of natural pasture based diet.
However, after 4-5 and 6-7wks, a significant difference in the average daily gain was observed between the dietary treatments (p less than 0.05).
The report by Bergsma et al [8] on pigs indicated that the heritable social interaction among various group members might play a role in their average daily gain (ADG).
(2004) reported average daily gain (ADG) as 0.7 and 0.77 kg in Jaisalmeri and Bikaneri Indian camel breeds from birth to 3 months of age, respectively.
Aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of various inclusion levels of yeast of Saccharomyces cerevisiae transition Beetal goats on dry matter intake, body condition score, milk production and composition, serum metabolites, liver enzymes, thyroid hormones in transition Beetal goats and birth weight, average daily gain and selected serum health biomarkers of their kids.
The final body weight, average daily gain and feed conversion did not differ among treatments and presented means of 28.07 kg, 148.5 g [day.sup.-1] and 7.67, respectively (Table 4).

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