automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
Syed Hamayun Alam, director marketing at Al Masaood Automative, said that the newly introduced vehicle was available in three grades and the prices range from Dh57,900 to Dh67,900.
Yamaha Motor, Thang Long Mechanical, Nissei Electric Hanoi, Hung Yen Automotive Spare Parts Manufacturing, Yen Hung Electric Mechanical, Uong Bi Automative Mechanical, Hoa Phat Steel and Lilama and its associated members formed part of the 89 visitor group delegations belonging to some of Vietnam's most important manufacturing sectors.
Google earlier this year announced working on an Open Automative Alliance.
Second Runner up (3rd prize): Electromagnetic Brake system in automative road vehicles (Electronic Deptt: Mehran UET) by Burhan Aslam, Muddasir Akram, Shafiqa Memon & Erum Karim.
But Ian Malcolm, managing director of Redcar-based automative parts manufacturer ElringKlinger (GB) added: "This was a Budget for an election, for the pensioners and the savers.
Graham Hull joined the luxury car makers at Crewe after graduating from the Royal College of Art's Automative Design course in 1971.
Well placed beside an extensive motorway network and suffering high unemployment figures but, with key automative companies in the town.
In the video, McLaren automative Design Director Frank Stephenson and Forza Motorsport Creative Director Dan Greenawalt talk about their infatuation with the MclarenP1.
Within the framework of the visit, the delegation was briefed on the new container terminal project established by the company in the Dutch port of Rotterdam, as the latest technology of handling, loading and unloading has been installed, using automative system, in addition to its freight train line.
The Morocco Summit will highlight key issues in important sectors such as energy, power and desalination, tourism, agriculture, logistics, ICT, retail, textile and leather and food industry, automative and aeronautics and offshoring and will provide three days of industry specific information along with the opportunity to network and exchange business ideas with the top government and corporate professionals of the Maghreb region.
The project aims at putting in place automative testing infrastructure that will meet safety and emission regulation requirements till 2015 and also deepen India's automotive R and D capabilities.
The Kingdom is a leading automative market with firm restrictions on the age of imported vehicles, a rapid population growth, an increasing per capita spending power, and robust economy.