automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the video, McLaren automative Design Director Frank Stephenson and Forza Motorsport Creative Director Dan Greenawalt talk about their infatuation with the MclarenP1.
Within the framework of the visit, the delegation was briefed on the new container terminal project established by the company in the Dutch port of Rotterdam, as the latest technology of handling, loading and unloading has been installed, using automative system, in addition to its freight train line.
"The Morocco Summit will highlight key issues in important sectors such as energy, power and desalination, tourism, agriculture, logistics, ICT, retail, textile and leather and food industry, automative and aeronautics and offshoring and will provide three days of industry specific information along with the opportunity to network and exchange business ideas with the top government and corporate professionals of the Maghreb region."
The project aims at putting in place automative testing infrastructure that will meet safety and emission regulation requirements till 2015 and also deepen India's automotive R and D capabilities.
"...The Kingdom is a leading automative market with firm restrictions on the age of imported vehicles, a rapid population growth, an increasing per capita spending power, and robust economy.
He gave a presentation at Ministry of Industries here the other day which was attended by the representatives of Engineering Development Board (EDB), National Productivity Organization (NPO), Pakistan Association of Automative Parts and Accessories Manufacturers (PAAPAM), Pakistan Automotive Manufacturers Association (PAMA), Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI), Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI), Atlas Honda Cars, Indus Motor Company, Pak Suzuki Motors from Karachi and Lahore besides Islamabad.
Japanese company Yazaki, a global automative equipment supplier, is going to build a new factory with 1 500 jobs in the Bulgarian city of Sliven, the city mayor has announced.
Mannai Automative service operations senior manager Mohsen Abdul Mohsen said: "Mannai Automotive has always recognised the importance of continuously trained staff to make sure that they are always up to date with quality standards and methods.
Car-maker Fiat yesterday split its industrial vehicle business from its automaking unit in a move aimed at giving birth to a global automative company with Chrysler.
Automative industry analyst Harbour recounts his career on the factory floor and front office, with the help of James V.
Adam Harrison, who is studying Automative Design Technology at the University of Sunderland, won the Year in Industry National Business Award 2009 for his innovative work with Lattimer Ltd.
A sensing system that is said to be an economical means of meeting the FMVSS Section 5 requirements related to pinch protection of people and pets (and inanimate objects) from power windows, sun roofs, deck lids, lift gates, and sliding doors has been developed by Cooper-Standard Automative (www.cooperstandard.com; Novi, MI).