automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
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Motor expert Professor Garel Rhys of the Centre for Automative Industry research warns times are likely to get tougher.
The aid deal was announced after Chinese manufacturer Shanghai Automative (SAIC) walked away from talks, leaving 5000 workers on the dole.
Professor Garel Rhys, director of the Centre for Automative Industry Research at Cardiff Business School, said an accident blackspot highlighted a road's inefficiency.
If you want to be wowed by the creativity and talent of these automative grand masters, you can inspect the scale models they've designed and built this year at the Royal College, Kensington Gore, West London, on Friday and Saturday 10am-6pm.
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Applications: Automative, large appliance, electrical, leisure.
com: (FlexLink) Systems' new Web site allows visitors to jump to specific areas of the site based on the industry served, including electronics, pharmaceuticals, automative and paper converting, Customers can access the company's product catalogue in English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Swedish, Japanese and Chinese.
Association for the Advancement of Automative Medicine.
LTI), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Manganese Bronze Holdings PLC, has signed a deal with Brilliance China Automative Holdings Ltd.
5 of Credit Unions; Mark Miller Automative million Group; University of Utah; the Rouse Ccompany; Cigna Healthcare 4 1938 Regence Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Utah; 3 UtahTravel Council, Casino, Arizona; million McDonald's, Kennecott; Deer Valley Resort; Swire Coca-Cola; Lagoon 5 1997 Altiris, Cerberian, Corda, Digital 2.
value) Census basis (by end-use category) Foods, Industrial Capital Total, feeds, supplies goods BOP Census and and except basis basis(1) beverages materials automative 1991 416.
The company also has introduced fully automative custom software for lumber optimization and barcoding.