automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Automatic Hand Dryers market report's crucial half additionally includes the regional description that gives an entire analysis of its growth at a worldwide level.
Driveability Some people with limited mobility might find automatic gearboxes easier to operate If you prefer to feel that you're really driving the car, then an automatic might make you feel a little disconnected.
with semi automatic and the government was also ready to pay for the automatic weapons.
Gary Clayton, Automatic's CEO, added, "Automatic is thrilled to join forces with SiriusXM at such an exciting time for the connected car.
"Driving automatic is generally better, but it would be ridiculous to buy a really nice sports car or something like that in an automatic -- some cars are just supposed to be driven manually," insisted Hesham.
Congress's intent was clear when it included the provision for automatic enrollment in the PPA '06: many employees were not properly saving for retirement, and Congress wanted to facilitate increased savings.
The new automatic molding line will speed up production to bring in more high volume work, and the squeezer lines will stay to help the customers who need a method that is cost effective.
Automatic cavity duplication, 2-D tracer lathes, EDM, precision-forming grinders, tape-controlled lathes, jig-boring machines and pantograph engraving units.
This semi-automatic unit can be easily upgraded into an automatic system by adding an on-line extruder and festooner, and further with automatic loading of the beads and unloading of the bead-apexes.
4) A total integration module that controls collaborative operation of the speech recognition engine, the machine translation engine, and the speech synthesis engine realizing automatic translation on a single processor for mobile phones.
The four main handgun calibers used by federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies today include 9 millimeter (2) and .40, .357, and .45 automatic. Although each differs in terms of cartridge size and ballistic capability, all can meet the needs of departments--if firearms training emphasizes shot placement rather than the size or power level of one caliber versus another.
The ban was helped by propaganda that purposely confused frilly automatic weapons with semi-automatics and made bogus claims about their use by criminals.

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