automation

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Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
A3 announces Apellix as the winner of the Automate Launch Pad Startup Competition.
AutoMate 6 includes over 160 available actions and triggers that can be rapidly assembled into an automated solution.
"Cleaning is sometimes the most difficult application for firms to automate because manual operators often compensate for process variables," Logan said.
If if automates their provisioning tool so it automatically migrates data onto newly mapped LUNs, they could inadvertently cause a serious problem: for example, impacting large-scale simulations that have been running for two weeks.
Moonlight and the other Project eLiza Partners accepted in the program must "collectively address the four elements of Project eLiza's self-management requirements: self-configuring, self-healing, self-optimizing and self-protecting." Moonlight's offering addresses the self-configuring component by allowing companies to automate the manual tasks required to manage heterogeneous servers and, configure differences between servers on the fly.
"Companies need a way to automate the end to end process and support all the people involved -- not just individual system components.
"AutoMate is a powerful tool that can help streamline routine daily operations and `lights out' scheduled tasks," says Scott Rich, Vice President, Marketing, Lilly Software Associates.
Storage management automation is directly aimed at lowering the cost of storage utilization and procurement and improving the productivity of storage administrators by allowing them to automate rudimentary tasks and focus on critical issues requiring human intervention.
The answer to the question "to automated or not to automate?" is "yes," automate your storage management.
Inspection of automation is one of the areas at which many automated label inspection machines manufacturers are working in order to automate the inspection process and reduce or eliminate the needed setup.
When there's too much data to make this practical, people consolidate their backup and automate the process, usually by bringing data over the LAN to a centralized backup server and connect that to an automated tape library.