In countries where different camps within a protest movement seek divergent outcomes (think Egypt), it can help ensure that competing parties work together instead of against one another after an autocrat
TRIPOLI: For Libyans there was a welcome change last month when the country's national bank started to circulate new notes, replacing the image of toppled autocrat
Moammar Gadhafi on Libya's money with scenes of revolutionary triumph, a Benghazi lighthouse and a mosque.
And a powerful network of autocrats
and their allies are fighting back, as blatantly evidenced by the ongoing tragic civil war in Syria.
The simple argument is that the peaceful nature of regime change rests upon the promise of the opposition which guarantees immunity from prosecution to former autocrats
who, in exchange, allow free and fair elections to be held.
Pius XI (1922-39) was "an autocrat
through and through, bigoted, reactionary, and inflexible.
While the exact reasons for the unrest vary by country, there are some common themes: (a) autocrats
or dictators who claim to be Muslims (b) the perversion of Islam by the autocrats
or dictators to mean submission to the autocrats
or dictators rather than submission to Allah (c) foreign interference.
The prime ministers of Tunisia and Egypt met US President Barack Obama and other G8 leaders and appealed for help after uprisings earlier this year that overthrew long-time autocrats
but also scared away tourists and investors.
Qatar has not been touched by rolling Arab revolts that have ousted autocrats
in Egypt and Tunisia.
Libya is going to end up in one huge mess of civil war and our involvement will in the long term increase resentment against Western powers which have suddenly been converted to democracy after having exploited these nations for decades propping up autocrats
and dictators, never dragging Israel into a serious settlement of the disgraceful plight of Palestinians, only turning on Saddam to whom they formerly had sold weapons, as indeed to Iran to fuel the Iraq-Iran War, when he nationalised the Iraqi oil industry.
magazine Foreign Policy which included Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the modern Republic of Turkey, in its list of autocrats
have shown once again that they know absolutely no shame.
Stalemate; an anatomy of conflicts between democracies, Islamists, and Muslim autocrats