Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who overthrew Mohammed Morsi, Egypt's first and only democratically elected leader, in a UAE-Saudi-backed military coup in 2013, drove home autocrats
' seeming victory with the appearance in a court of the country's two toppled leaders, Hosni Mubarak and Mr.
(The phrasing was nicer than that, but this was the basic idea, and just the sort of first step that dictators like to take toward cementing themselves as Autocrat
Except for Tunisia (the only Arab country whose autocrat
was also a modernizer), that awakening fizzled out.
So I dare ask: When will the horse trading that strengthens a tarnished autocrat
find clever new ways to suppress dissent and prolong their regimes, the democracy assistance community can employ this knowledge as it helps local activists promote transparency and accountability in their own governments.
The first step was the drafting of a new constitution, which was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum last week, although the vote was boycotted by the Brotherhood and its allies.Parliamentary and presidential elections have been promised for later this year.Directing himself to the youth who were the backbone of the uprising against Mubarak, Hegazy said "we will protect you from terrorism, acts of violence, corruption, and not leave room for terrorists and autocrats
to lead your future."He also insisted that the authorities had sought to include the Brotherhood in the transition, but had been snubbed."We have been very keen on inclusiveness," he said.
To the contrary, as Owen eloquently demonstrates, the Arab world already had it own fair share of powerful, homegrown autocrats
. But Arab presidents for life were not puppets.
He said issuing the Ordinance was the practice of the autocrats
; it was not justified in any way from a democratic government.
Why did the successors of former autocrats
break them?" (p.4)
According to the report, he was also offended by a play satirising Middle Eastern autocrats
, and a film, which sees a rich businessman stand for parliament.
Politically the continent shed itself of the remaining comprador leaders who acted as agents for foreign powers in North Africa and the toppling of autocrats
in Libya and Cote d'lvoire.
They may no longer be twinned with the other surviving absolute monarchy, Saudi Arabia, but the popes are one with the former absolute monarchs, now autocrats
acting like monarchs, such as the sultans of Oman and Bahrain, and the emirates.