Employees reported their attributions related to innovation, and their supervising managers rated implementation behavior and the outcome of their employees, that is, each employee's performance gain or achievement of the desired outcomes, such as skill acquisition and improved productivity through the innovation.
Finally, we controlled for employees' innovation expectations to examine the incremental contribution of employees' attributions over and above innovation expectations (Ajzen, 1991; Beaudry & Pinsonneault, 2005).
As research on attribution theory developed, Weiner (1985) noted three dimensions of people's attributions, locus, controllability, and stability.
Given the increase in concerns with students' emotional health and the recognition of the complex transitions students must make when adjusting to college, the purpose of the present study was to examine the direct relationship between self-efficacy and students' adjustment to college and to distinguish between the potential role that positive versus negative attributions may contribute to perceptions of adjustment.
Assuming information about drug side effects is provided voluntarily would allow individuals to entertain internal attributions regarding positive advertiser motives for the disclosure.
These predictions also test the conditions and mechanism by which such an outcome occurs--namely, that attribution of the side effect information to regulations must be low while the amount of side effect information is high, and that an increase in positive internal attributions leads to the increase in advertiser trust.
Andrew Wise was the first publisher to associate Shakespeare's name with a patron and theatrical company, and these earlier playbook precedents provide a contextual framework from which to view Wise's attributions
. However, these paratexts also gesture towards the existence of a patronage network involving George Carey, Shakespeare, and Andrew Wise.
To study causal attributions
, three major methodological approaches are found in literature (Vispoel and Austin, 1995).
These are complex issues and all point to fine art attributions
being something of a special case within the law of negligence, it is hard to think of any other chattel where a judgment as to the very nature of the thing which also determines its value can fall within such a wide spectrum of views and yet still be deemed reasonable in legal terms.
Yet despite this, it is surprising that previous work does not include former officeholders in the response option set when asking about attributions
Ultimately, seven different types of attributions
were included based on the work of Warm and Dolan (1994) and the pilot results: four internal (players, fans, front office management, & coaches) and three external (opponent performance, referees, & fate).