This theory recognized the corporation as merely a "collection, or aggregate, of individuals" rather than a separate entity as under the artificial person
In the cases of amparo actions against artificial persons
of public or private law, the complaint, on the one hand, must identify both the artificial person
and its representatives, and, on the other hand, can be filled directly against the natural person that represents the artificial person
or against the artificial entity in itself (Brewer-Carias, 2009: 293).
Real-World Content Provider--The Scottish Parliament, an artificial person
, provided a real-world scenario for the schools as an educational experience.
An individual can therefore "personate" (that is, represent) an artificial person
that is physically very different from him (or her) self.
Based on the legislative history to the amendment, its purpose was, inter alia, to effect the taxation of transfers of real property to artificial persons
by statutorily closing the "consideration" loophole.
The distinction between natural and artificial person
is certainly useful, allowing the "author" of an act to be in one place while the artificial person
is elsewhere, exercising his knowledge, skill, and power in the author's name.
Throughout his work, he points out various causal factors ('special influences') that can lead to the formation of artificial persons
, and he states that these artificial persons
have many of the same characteristics as those found in multiple personalities, e.
Federal Election Commission, in which the court ruled that corporations have the same rights to free speech as people, was questionable "because it elevated the rights of corporations, which are artificial persons
, with natural persons' inalienable right of political expression" (317).
195) While labor unions and governments are classified as artificial persons
, (196) corporations are the most well-known artificial persons
(197) and have been analyzed insofar as adopting possible mentalities for why we view corporations as persons.
What most people don't know is that after the above-mentioned 1886 decision, artificial persons
were held to have exactly the same legal rights as we natural folk.
1) The budgetary funds are allocated to the artificial persons
subordinated to the public administration to pay the salaries, carry out the investments, etc.
Some who are committed to the possibility of artificial persons
deal with this by compartmentalizing their scientific and personal lives.